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How does high blood sugar relate to gestational diabetes?

Carlos E. Mendez, MD
Internal Medicine

Hormones produced during the pregnancy can counteract the effect of insulin. If there is even a mild component of underlying insulin resistance before the pregnancy, this will become more evident especially in the third trimester. It is like a stress test to the pancreas...

Elevated blood glucoses during the pregnancy have been associated with several complications including increased fetal weight/size, birth defects, etc.

Also having gestational diabetes might increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life. Often this can be an opportunity to take healthier choices in lifestyle that can considerably decrease the risks of getting Type 2 diabetes.

 

High blood sugar, also called hyperglycemia or high blood glucose, is a symptom of all types of diabetes, including gestational diabetes, sometimes referred to as GDM. During pregnancy, hormones produced by the placenta interfere with insulin, a hormone that helps process blood sugar. The amount of these hormones increases as your pregnancy progresses, and develops into diabetes in some women, usually in the later stages of pregnancy.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.