Advertisement

How does high blood sugar relate to gestational diabetes?

High blood sugar, also called hyperglycemia or high blood glucose, is a symptom of all types of diabetes, including gestational diabetes, sometimes referred to as GDM. During pregnancy, hormones produced by the placenta interfere with insulin, a hormone that helps process blood sugar. The amount of these hormones increases as your pregnancy progresses, and develops into diabetes in some women, usually in the later stages of pregnancy.

Carlos E. Mendez, MD
Internal Medicine

Hormones produced during the pregnancy can counteract the effect of insulin. If there is even a mild component of underlying insulin resistance before the pregnancy, this will become more evident especially in the third trimester. It is like a stress test to the pancreas...

Elevated blood glucoses during the pregnancy have been associated with several complications including increased fetal weight/size, birth defects, etc.

Also having gestational diabetes might increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life. Often this can be an opportunity to take healthier choices in lifestyle that can considerably decrease the risks of getting Type 2 diabetes.

 

Continue Learning about Gestational Diabetes

What You Need to Know About Gestational Diabetes in Hawaii
What You Need to Know About Gestational Diabetes in Hawaii
You’ve probably heard of type 1 and type 2 diabetes—and maybe even prediabetes—but did you know there’s another form of the disease that can develop d...
Read More
What You Need to Know About Gestational Diabetes
What You Need to Know About Gestational Diabetes
You’ve probably heard of type 1 and type 2 diabetes—and maybe even prediabetes—but did you know there’s another form of the disease that can develop d...
Read More
When is the oral glucose tolerance test performed?
Kevin W. Windom, MDKevin W. Windom, MD
The oral glucose tolerance test is routinely performed between 24 to 28 weeks gestation. It is a tes...
More Answers
How should I eat if I have gestational diabetes?
Intermountain HealthcareIntermountain Healthcare
If you have gestational diabetes, you should try to eat a very small breakfast, with a similar mid-m...
More Answers

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.