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Latest COVID-19 Videos

Dr. Fauci Suggests These 3 Things for an Optimal Immune System

Beyond your regular pandemic health guides, make sure you do these 3 things to stay healthy this flu season.

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Dr. Fauci Suggests These 3 Things for an Optimal Immune System

September 21, 2020

Dr. Fauci Suggests These 3 Things for an Optimal Immune System

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Do Regular Eyeglasses  Protect Against COVID-19?

September 18, 2020

Do Regular Eyeglasses Protect Against COVID-19?

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Small Business Owner Finds Creative Ways to Boost Sales

September 18, 2020

Small Business Owner Finds Creative Ways to Boost Sales

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Day to  Day: The New Play-by-Play

September 17, 2020

Day to Day: The New Play-by-Play

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2020 Football Season to Resume After Big Ten Conference Reverses Decision

September 16, 2020

2020 Football Season to Resume After Big Ten Conference Reverses Decision

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About Novel Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)

COVID-19 is an infectious disease caused by a newly identified coronavirus, called SARS-CoV-2. Coronaviruses are a common type of virus that cause respiratory symptoms—much like a cold—that range from mild to severe. These viruses usually circulate among animals, such as camels, cats or bats. On rare occasions, animal coronaviruses can mutate and spread to people. SARS-CoV-2 originated in bats, as did the coronaviruses that caused the severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) outbreak in 2003 and the Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) outbreak in 2012.

How it spreads:

Like the flu and some other respiratory viruses, the coronavirus that causes COVID-19—SARS-CoV-2—typically spreads among people through close personal contact, such as shaking hands or touching. It can also spread through the air when someone coughs or sneezes and possibly when they breathe or speak. If you touch a contaminated surface then touch your mouth, nose or eyes, you can also become infected.


Symptoms of COVID-19 may appear anywhere from 2 to 14 days after exposure to the novel coronavirus. Those infected have developed a range of symptoms associated with a respiratory infection, including:

  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Dry cough
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of sense of smell
  • Muscle and joint pain
  • Phlegm or a productive cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Sore throat
  • Headache

Digestive symptoms—diarrhea, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting—are also commonly reported among COVID-19 patients.

Roughly 80 percent of those with COVID-19 will develop a mild to moderate infection and recover. Only about 16 percent of cases result in severe illness and complications, including pneumonia.

Older people and those with a weakened immune system or underlying condition, such as high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease, or chronic lung disease, are at greater risk for serious infections.


There are steps you can take to reduce your risk of infection or potentially spreading the novel coronavirus to others.

One of the best ways to help is to stay home and go out in public only when necessary. If you do leave home, practice social distancing—keep at least six feet of space between you and others. It’s also important to wear a mask over your nose and mouth when out in public.

Other ways to help curb the spread of COVID-19:

  • Wash your hands well and often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds each time.
  • Avoid touching any part of your face, including your eyes, nose or mouth with unwashed hands.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with an unused tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash. If you don’t have a tissue, use your upper sleeve or elbow—not your hands.
  • Clean and disinfect commonly used objects and surfaces you come into contact with throughout your day.


Unlike the seasonal flu, measles or other vaccine-preventable diseases, there are no immunizations that help protect against COVID-19. Since this is a new coronavirus, humans have not developed any natural immunity to it as they have against many other infections.

There are no specific drugs or treatments for COVID-19 but many are currently under investigation.

People with mild or moderate infections recover without hospitalization. Supportive care, such as over-the-counter pain relievers, getting plenty of rest and drinking fluids, can help.

If you develop serious warning signs of COVID-19, however, you should seek immediate medical attention. These red flags may include:

  • Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
  • Persistent pain or pressure in the chest
  • Feeling confused
  • Bluish lips or face

Call 911 and let the operator know that you have or think you may have COVID-19. If you have a medical mask, put it on before help arrives.