How can I prevent glaucoma?

Vision loss from glaucoma can be prevented if the disease is detected and treated in time. Because glaucoma rarely produces symptoms until it has progressed, regular eye examinations are the key to early detection and treatment. For those with no risk factors, the American Academy of Ophthalmology recommends a complete eye exam once in your 20s and twice in your 30s. You should have a baseline comprehensive eye exam at age 40, and your eye doctor will recommend follow-up exams based on your family history and the results of the baseline exam. After age 65, it's important to have a complete eye exam every year or two.

You're at risk of developing glaucoma if you are older than age 60; are African American, an older Latino, especially of Mexican descent; have a family member who has glaucoma; are very nearsighted; are diabetic; have had an eye injury in the past; or have been taking steroid or cortisone medications regularly. In such cases, you should have an eye exam including tests for glaucoma every one to two years after age 35.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.