4 Steps to Better Eye Health

Your eyes add more depth to each daily experience. Simply put, they're one of your most prized possessions.

And caring for them is key to prevent vision loss as you age. If you do nothing else, do this: Put these four fundamental steps into your eye care plan.

See your eye doctor regularly. Research from the Centers for Disease Control shows nearly 40% of adults age 40 and older with moderate-to-severe vision problems don't seek eye care because of high costs or a lack of medical coverage. Another 35% skip eye care because they feel they don't need it. But serious eye diseases, like glaucoma, diabetic eye disease and macular degeneration, often have no warning signs. That's where an eye exam can help you spot trouble early, potentially saving your vision or catching an underlying health problem. 

Always protect your eyes. Whether you're shopping outdoors or hiking your favorite trail, it's smart to wear shades and guard your eyes from the sun's rays. No matter the time of day—or season—UV rays can cause eye damage and may lead to macular degeneration. Wraparound sunglasses provide the best protection, and you don't have to break the bank on a good pair. Just be sure they block out 99 to 100% of UVA and UVB radiation. Protective eyewear, like safety glasses and goggles, is also a wise investment—especially if you play sports, do yard work or work on other home projects. Computer and phone screens also take a toll on your peepers. To reduce digital eyestrain, use the 20-20-20 rule: Every 20 minutes, focus on an object 20 feet away for 20 seconds.

Take stock of your total health. Do you eat right and exercise regularly? Are you watching your weight? Your overall health has an impact on your vision. Says Michael Roizen, MD, "People who walk at least three times a week are less likely to develop advanced macular degeneration." If you smoke—quit. Smoking is as bad for your eyes as it is for the rest of your body, increasing your risk of macular degeneration, cataracts, optic nerve damage and blindness. Fuel your body with a variety of good foods, too— especially fruits and veggies. Oranges, apricots, carrots, spinach and kale have nutrients that help prevent eye disease. Plus, eating more omega-3 fats—like the ones found in fish—gives you a 30% greater chance of keeping your vision healthy and strong, Roizen says.

Don't ignore your symptoms. Some eye symptoms are more frustrating than they are serious. Itchy, red eyes might mean you have pink eye or dry eye syndrome. Or your eyes might feel tired. But other eye symptoms, like blurred vision that lasts more than a few days, can signal serious or permanent eye problems. Whatever your symptoms, don't ignore them. Schedule a visit with your eye doctor to find out what's causing them.

Featured Content


Regular Eye Exams May Help Lower Dementia Risk

Learn how your eye health affects your brain health.

When to Get a Vision Screening

Some eye diseases are virtually symptomless until you start to lose vision.

Presbyopia: Correcting Age-Related Vision Loss

Learn why the eyes lose the ability to focus on nearby objects as you age, and what you can do about it.

How Often Do I Need an Eye Exam As I Grow Older?

David Demartini, MD, explains how frequently you should have an eye exam, and why the frequency should increase as you get older.

7 Foods for Healthy Eyes

For brighter eyes and clearer vision, these foods can help.