Does resistance training burn calories?

Yes, when combined with the proper nutritional calorie intake and cardiovascular training, the activity of resistance training will burn calories from body fat. Resistance training combined with sufficient periods of rest between sessions (such as allowing 24-48 hours rest between working a muscle group) also allows you to build more muscle volume and have stronger bones.

Having more muscle volume gives you the added benefit of burning substantially more calories from body fat while at rest, which is a feature that cardiovascular training alone does not possess.

The aesthetically appealing shape of the shoulders, chest, back, abdominals, arms and legs are a direct result of some type of resistance training regimen (when properly balanced with the variables mentioned: proper nutritional calorie intake, cardiovascular training, and sufficient rest).

Resistance training is highly effective form of exercising for burning calories.  Resistance training at a fast pace with little to no resting time between sets will increase your excessive post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC), resulting in more calories burning even after you done working out. 

The extra lean muscles you will gain from resistance training will also consume more calories.

OH my goodness, yes it does. Not only will you actively be burning calories while you are lifting weights or using body weight exercises, but you will actually continue to burn calories after due to EPOC (Excess Post-Oxygen Consumption).  
According to a study in the journal Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, researchers concluded that depending on a person's size and gender, and the intensity and duration of their workout, they may expend on average 200 to 300 calories during resistance training. This is especially good news for those with back pain who want to lose weight while strengthening their back and abdominal muscles. Resistance exercises will let you do both!
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Absolutely.  Just depending on how you are training will depend how many calories are burned.  However that calorie burn will last even after your done with your workout.  So depending on what muscles you are working on, your rest in between sets and how many muscles you work at one time will also determine how many calories that are burn.  Also remember as your body adapts to your program the less calories that will be burn because the body will not have to work as hard.  Remember to keep the challenge up until you reach the goals you are looking for. 
Dr. Mike Clark, DPT
Resistance training (strength training) is one of the best ways to burn calories. The more muscles that you recruit during an exercise, the more calories that you will burn. You will also burn more calories after the workout for a period of time.
Resistance training will not only burn calories during the workout but also increase calorie burn after the workout is completed. This is known as excessive post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC). An increase in the intensity of a workout, such as performing resistance training, will make the body consume more oxygen. The more oxygen demand that is placed on the body the longer it will take to restore the body to a resting state. This is when EPOC comes into play. During this transition from intense workout to a resting state, the body will consume more calories as it attempts to restore the body to a normal, resting state. It is also important to consider how the resistance training is being performed when thinking about increasing calorie burn. The more muscles you can recruit to work during an exercise the higher the calorie consumption. For example, standing while performing a resistance exercise forces the body to use balance and stabalization muscles that would not be employed while sitting or lying on a hard surface. Using a cable machine to perform a chest exercise will burn more calories than using a seated machine for chest. Additionally, the longer the muscles are under tension the more calories they will expend. This means that movements should be slow and performed for a higher number of repetitions. The last thing to consider is the break time in between exercises. If the body is allowed to fully recuperate between sets or exercises, the total amount of calories burned will decrease.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.