What happens to a woman's body during menopause?

A woman's body during menopause goes through many changes, including the ovaries failure to function.

Dr. Mehmet Oz, MD
Cardiologist (Heart Specialist)

When a woman goes into natural menopause her levels of the female hormone estrogen start to decline. It usually happens between the ages of 47 and 55, but it can happen much earlier if the ovaries are removed or because of other medical conditions.

Back to a little basic reproductive science: During the reproductive years every month one of the eggs a woman is born with matures under the influence of a team of hormones, and this happens cyclically until midlife when there are fewer eggs and the ones that are left are less responsive. At this time, the ovaries slowly stop making estrogen and menopause begins.

Estrogen affects every part of the body—the skin, heart, brain, blood vessels, bones and reproductive organs to name a few. Some women will notice the changes and some won't. Low estrogen can reduce bone density, and cause vaginal dryness, vaginal tissue thinning, hot flashes, facial flushes, night sweats and problems with sleep, sex, mood, memory and thinking.

Continue Learning about Menopause Symptoms

One Veggie That May Ease Menopause Symptoms
One Veggie That May Ease Menopause Symptoms
In Sex and the City 2, Samantha announces she’s “leading the way through the menopause maze with my vitamins, my bioidentical estrogen cream, progeste...
Read More
What should I include in my diet to help treat symptoms of menopause?
Symptoms of menopause may be alleviated with a diet low in fat and high in soy. Soy products contain...
More Answers
What is menopause and how do I know if it has started?
Dr. Mehmet Oz, MDDr. Mehmet Oz, MD
By definition menopause is the end of menstruation. It typically occurs naturally between the ages o...
More Answers
Is It Normal to Lose Genital Hair During Menopause?
Is It Normal to Lose Genital Hair During Menopause?

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.