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When high blood pressure causes the heart muscle to thicken, there is less space for the oxygen-rich blood to flow from the lungs into the chamber or ventricle that pumps it to the rest of the body. This can cause blood to back up into the lungs, causing shortness of breath.
Typically, high blood pressure does not cause any symptoms. However, over time, high blood pressure can cause thickening and stiffening of the heart wall and eventually shortness of breath.
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When the blood pressure makes the heart larger, it can affect our ability to breathe, says Ali Rahimi, MD, from MountainView Hospital. Learn how this happens by watching this video.
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