What is the goal of nutrition therapy for diabetes?

Constance Brown-Riggs
Constance Brown-Riggs on behalf of Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Nutrition & Dietetics
In short the goal of medical nutrition therapy for diabetes is to controll the ABCs of diabetes.
  • A1C -- The A1C test tells you what your blood glucose level has been every day for the past 90 days. The goal is to achieve and maintain normal blood glucose levels as safely as possible. The American Diabetes Association recommends an A1C less than 7. Keeping your blood glucose under control can protect your heart and blood vessels, kidneys, feet, and eyes.
  • Bp -- Achieve and maintain blood pressure in an ideal range to reduce the risk of uncontrolled hypertension. For most people with diabetes the goal is 130/80. High blood pressure can cause heart attack, stroke, and kidney disease.
  • C -- Achieve and maintain cholesterol levels that reduce the risk for cardiovascular disease. The goal for LDL – so called “bad” cholesterol, is less than 100 for most people with diabetes. LDL cholesterol can build up and clog your blood vessels, causing heart attack and stroke. The goal for HDL – so called “good” cholesterol, is 40 or higher. HDL cholesterol helps to remove cholesterol from your blood vessels.
Diabetes is unique to each individual, so your individual goals should be set with your diabetes health care provider, and you should work closely with them to adjust your care plan if you aren't meeting your goals.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.