Advertisement

Is endometrial cancer the same as uterine cancer?

Dr. Mehmet Oz, MD
Cardiology (Cardiovascular Disease)
Cancer of the uterus most often begins in the lining of the uterus, called the endometrium, and is sometimes referred to as endometrial cancer. Watch as Dr. Oz talks about cancer of the uterus.


Larry E. Puls, MD
Gynecologic Oncology
The answer is technically no.
Endometrial cancer does occur within the uterus, but it starts in the inside lining of the uterus, which is called the endometrium. The endometrium is the area that is responsible for a woman's menstrual bleeding. It is very susceptible to the influence of the hormone estrogen. The ovaries primarily produce estrogen, but fat cells also produce estrogen. For this reason, with the significant rise in obesity in the US, endometrial cancer has become very common. In non-smoking women, endometrial cancer is the third most common cancer in the US!
Uterine cancer starts in the tissue that surrounds or supports the endometrium, the uterus. The uterus is largely made up of muscle, which is responsible for the contractions of labor. Some women unfortunately get cancers in that muscle. This is called a leiomyosarcoma. There are several varieties of sarcomas that occur in uterine supportive tissue; they act and spread differently from the more common endometrial cancers. 
The contents of this website are for informational purposes only and are not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Nor does the contents of this website constitute the establishment of a physician patient or therapeutic relationship. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.

Continue Learning about Endometrial (Uterine) Cancer

Is more research on endometrial cancer coming?
Jean A. Hurteau, MDJean A. Hurteau, MD
Yes, a resurgence of research on endometrial cancer is at hand as the death rate seems to be increas...
More Answers
Is uterine sarcoma the same as endometrial cancer?
Honor Society of Nursing (STTI)Honor Society of Nursing (STTI)
Uterine sarcoma is not the same as endometrial cancer. Uterine sarcoma originates in the muscles and...
More Answers
Where does cancer of the uterus start?
Dr. Mehmet Oz, MDDr. Mehmet Oz, MD
Cancer of the uterus most often begins in the endometrium, which is the lining where a fertilized eg...
More Answers
Can a Person Get Endometrial Cancer from Consuming Sugary Drinks?
Can a Person Get Endometrial Cancer from Consuming Sugary Drinks?

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.