What should men look for during breast self-examination?

Dr. Mehmet Oz, MD
Cardiology (Cardiovascular Disease)

Here's what men should look for during breast self-examination:

Lumps, bumps, or swelling in the breast or underarms
Nipple retraction, puckering, or indentation
Bleeding or discharge from the nipple
Redness, scaling, or itching of the skin 

Like women, there are some benign, noncancerous conditions that can be taken for male breast cancer, such as gynecomastia, a condition that causes breast enlargement.

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Susanne M. Chow, MD
Diagnostic Radiology
Male breast cancer is not common (only 1 in 100 of all cases of breast cancer diagnosed will be in a male.) but any male can develop it. A male may be at higher risk of developing breast cancer however if there is a gene mutation for breast cancer in the family (for example, BRCA- 2), a strong family history of breast cancer or a medical condition such as liver disease or Klinefelter’s syndrome.

A male with breast cancer will develop similar findings as a female.
  • palpable breast lump or thickening
  • nipple changes such as redness, scaling, inversion or nipple discharge
  • skin changes of the breast like dimpling, puckering, redness or dry scaly skin

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.