- Q What are the stages of retinoblastoma?
Medical professionals use a system called "staging" to communicate about the extent of a cancer. Retinoblastoma is divided into five stages that are basically organized around the extent to which the cancer has invaded the body and whether or not the... Full Answer
- Q How is retinoblastoma diagnosed?
Retinoblastoma is usually diagnosed during a standard eye exam for children. Changes in the color of the pupil or uncoordinated eyes suggest that the cancer may be present. If doctors suspect retinoblastoma, they will usually not risk a biopsy. Instead,... Full Answer
- Q What are the symptoms of retinoblastoma?
Retinoblastoma has several symptoms. When you shine a light in a child's eye, the pupil will look red because of the blood vessels, but if it looks white or pink, it can be a sign of retinoblastoma. It can also cause the eyes to become uncoordinated.... Full Answer
- Q What causes retinoblastoma?
Retinoblastoma occurs when a malfunction in genetic material causes the production of unnecessary cells. The disease results from mutations to a gene called RB1, which prevents retinal tumors by regulating cell division. Cancer only occurs when both... Full Answer
- Q How is retinoblastoma treated?
Treatment of retinoblastoma strongly depends on how far the cancer has progressed by the time it is discovered. Surgery, stem cell transplants, laser therapy, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, cryotherapy, and thermotherapy are all possible treatments and are... Full Answer