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question

Why is it important to cool down after exercise?

National Academy of Sports Medicine
National Academy of Sports Medicine
answer

A cool-down provides the body with a smooth transition from exercise back to a steady state of rest.

The overarching goal of a cool-down is to reduce heart and breathing rates, gradually cool body temperature, return muscles to their optimal length-tension relationships, prevent venous pooling of blood in the lower extremities, which may cause dizziness or possible fainting, and restore physiologic systems close to baseline.

The proposed benefits of a cool-down are shown below:

•              Reduce heart and breathing rates

•              Gradually cool body temperature

•              Return muscles to their optimal length-tension relationships

•              Prevent venous pooling of blood in the lower extremities

•              Restore physiologic systems close to baseline

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.