Breast Cancer Prevention

Breast Cancer Prevention

Breast Cancer Prevention
Whether you have family history of breast cancer or not, you can take steps to prevent this common cancer in women. Some risk factors are lifestyle-related, while others are tied to genetics. Exercising and eating healthy are a start, as well as quitting smoking and limiting alcohol. Your primary care provider can help assess your breast cancer risk; regular breast screenings and exams can catch cancer early. Women with increased risk for breast cancer, who carry BRCA genes for example, can consider risk-reducing surgery with their doctor. Learn more about preventing breast cancer and how to identify signs of cancer with our expert advice.

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    A Internal Medicine, answered on behalf of
    Dr. Janelle Sanda - What medications
    For women at high risk for breast cancer, some drugs can lower the odds of developing disease -- though no medication comes with a guarantee. In this video, Dr. Janelle Sanda discusses the benefits and downsides of these drugs.
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    A , Cardiology (Cardiovascular Disease), answered

    When the cells look suspicious on a film, the radiologist makes a recommendation that a sample of tissue be removed using a tiny needle (biopsy). The tissue is fixed across a glass slide to be examined under a microscope by a pathologist who will generate a report on the tumor's structural features.

     

    Types of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) cells:

    • cribform - open spaced gaps between cells

    • comedeo - containing a center of dead cells

    • papillary – fingerlike

    • solid

    • combination

     

    The pathologist will classify DCIS as high, intermediate, or low-grade. Some combinations are considered more aggressive.

     

     


    This content originally appeared on doctoroz.com
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    A , Cardiology (Cardiovascular Disease), answered
    2 093 1-3 Biggest lies about cancer 2
    Every irritation of the breast could potentially be cancer and should be checked out.

    In this video, Dr. Oz and his expert panel (Dr. Lee, Dr. Cass, Dr. Richardson) dispel common myths about cancer.

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    A Geriatric Medicine, answered on behalf of
    Getting regular exercise, eating healthy and avoiding obesity provide many health benefits that can help prevent breast cancer.

    Limit alcohol use, quit smoking and eat a diet rich in fruits and vegetables (choose organic produce if the price isn't prohibitive). There is no magic pill or food that will prevent breast cancer. Living a healthy lifestyle and making informed choices about screening for breast cancer and other diseases seems the most prudent way to increase the chances of living a long, healthy life.
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    A Nutrition & Dietetics, answered on behalf of
    Do the following to limit intake of red meat and avoid processed meat -- you will reduce your breast cancer recurrence risk and gain other health benefits in your diet:
    • Vary your protein food choices by adding legumes, such as beans, lentils and chickpeas, which are a great source of fiber and naturally low in fat.
    • Include lean meats such as chicken breast, turkey and fish. A sensible serving portion is 3 to 4 ounces, which is about the size of a deck of cards.
    • Limit consumption of red meats.
    • Good choices of fish are Alaskan salmon, herring, sardines, black cod (sablefish) and tuna. These are high in omega-3 fatty acids, which are good for the immune system and heart.
    • Eat processed meats sparingly since they contain nitrates, which contribute to carcinogens. Nitrates or nitrites are used in smoked, salted or pickled foods.
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    Ductal lavage stratifies risk among patients at high-risk for developing breast cancer. At present, tumors that begin in the milk duct are not typically discovered until they can be seen on a mammogram or sonogram. With ductal lavage, fluid is painlessly withdrawn from the milk ducts and examined by pathologists for abnormal or suspicious cells. Depending on the results of this analysis, a patient might be put on a high-risk monitoring program.

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    A Surgical Oncology, answered on behalf of
    Though there are no proven methods for breast cancer prevention, early detection as a result of regular self and clinical breast examinations and mammography will give a patient the best chance of cure. Women over the age of 40 are advised to seek a clinical breast exam and mammography yearly. In spite of recent revised recommendations from the American Cancer Society in 2015, breast cancer specialists and most professional organizations continue to recommend yearly mammograms for all women beginning at age 40. Breast cancer incidence increases substantially around age 40.  The ACS report and the USPSTF support data agree that mammography significantly reduces breast cancer deaths and that the most lives are saved when women begin annual mammography screening at age 40.  A healthy lifestyle may also reduce your risk of breast cancer, including regular exercise, healthy diet, and avoiding weight gain particularly in postmenopausal women.
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    A preventive mastectomy, also called a prophylactic mastectomy, is a surgery designed to remove one or both breasts in order to dramatically reduce the risk of developing breast cancer. If you test positive for certain genetic mutations or you have a strong family history of breast cancer, this may be an option you consider. You may also elect to have your ovaries removed at the same time.

    For preventive purposes, you should have a mammogram performed within 90 days of the procedure to ensure that the breast tissue being removed is healthy. This is a complicated decision and requires the guidance of breast cancer specialists who can explain all the potential risks and complications of taking this extraordinary step.

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    Breast self-examinations are not as encouraged as they used to be because there is a discrepancy among guidelines regarding breast self-examinations. The United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends against women performing regular breast self-exams because research has shown them to cause more harm than good. Finding a lump may lead to mammograms, biopsies and surgery. However, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recommends the self-check. You should discuss the risks and benefits with your family physician, who can teach you how to perform a breast exam.
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    A , Internal Medicine, answered
    Take these steps to lower your exposure to many toxins that put you at the highest risk for breast cancer:
    • Don't breathe in tobacco smoke, gasoline fumes, or car exhaust. They have the strongest links to breast cancer risk, so steer totally clear of other people's tobacco smoke. Avoid inhaling gas fumes when you fill up at the pump, and open garage or storage shed doors for a few minutes before going in. Avoid vehicle exhaust.
    • Keep and try to use outside organic solvents in paints, paint strippers, and glues. Air out fresh dry cleaning in the garage or on a porch before bringing it in. Try to find a "green" dry cleaner that doesn't use trichloroethylene or perchloroethylene; both solvents are health worries. If solvents are reported in your local water supply, add a carbon filter to your taps.
    • Sidestep hormone disturbers. The most famous one, BPA, is linked to a protein found in up to 30% of women with breast cancer. Fortunately, BPA has been removed from virtually all hard plastic bottles, glasses, and pitchers, but most canned foods still come in cans lined with BPA-laced material. Also, most thermal receipts from such places as fast-food restaurants and gas stations are BPA-laden. No widely available substitute has been found for can liners or receipts, but the hunt is on. Meanwhile, try to buy fresh or frozen foods, look for BPA-free cans, and don't take thermal receipts if you don't need. If you do, wash your hands before touching food.
    • Be choosy about personal-care and household products. There's plenty of carcinogen controversy about certain chemicals in cosmetics, soaps, shampoos, and more. The Environmental Working Group has a cosmetics database of worry-free products, and Green Seal is one good guide to choosing nontoxic cleaners (try baking soda and vinegar, too).
    It's not just about toxins. To really cut breast cancer risk, keep your weight healthy and your waist under 33 inches. Stay active. Stick to one drink daily (don't drink if you're at above-average risk). Consider hormone replacement therapy for tough menopausal symptoms if you're not at extra risk for breast cancer and heart disease. We believe that taking bioidentical estrogen, micronized progesterone, and two low-dose aspirin daily both cools hot flashes and lowers breast cancer odds. Even without menopausal issues, talk to your doc about low-dose aspirin to counter breast cancer, colon cancer, and stroke. Take aspirin with half a glass of warm water before and after.
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