Does secondary dysmenorrhea affect fertility?

Diana Meeks
Diana Meeks on behalf of Sigma Nursing
Family Practitioner

Secondary dysmenorrhea affects the body by causing pain and discomfort in the back and abdomen every month for 3 to 10 days. Depending on how the underlying condition triggers secondary dysmenorrhea, you could be affected by secondary dysmenorrhea a couple of days before your period begins and it may last throughout the menstruation. Conditions associated with secondary dysmenorrhea often impact the uterus and how the lining is shed making symptoms related to the underlying condition worse during your period.

Certain causes of secondary dysmenorrhea may affect your fertility. One cause of secondary dysmenorrhea that may result in infertility in endometriosis, in which uterine tissue grows outside the uterus and can lead to scarring and damage to reproductive organs. Similarly, pelvic infections can also cause scarring, particularly on the fallopian tubes, which can lead to a fertilized egg implanting outside the uterus. If you have experienced a change in your menstrual cycle that includes pain and discomfort, contact your doctor. The best way to safeguard your fertility is to address underlying causes of secondary dysmenorrhea early on.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.