Is radiation exposure during a nuclear stress test dangerous?


The benefit of the information obtained from a nuclear stress test, when done appropriately, far exceeds any danger from radiation exposure. However, pregnant women should not have a nuclear scan, and patients who have several procedures that involve radiation exposure should discuss the issue with a doctor, so that the total dose does not exceed safe limits.


When doctors and physicists talk about radiation exposure to the human body, they often use millisieverts (mSv) as the measurement. Each year, Americans are typically exposed to a radiation dose of about 3 mSv, just from the atmosphere. By comparison, a chest x-ray delivers a radiation dose of 0.02 mSv.


Nuclear stress tests expose patients to a larger dose, but it is not considered to be dangerous. For example, one of the most common types of nuclear stress tests - a resting scan combined with a stress scan using the radioactive tracer technetium-99m sestamibi - averages 11.3 mSv. A rest-stress scan using the radioactive tracer technetium-99m tetrofosmin averages 9.3 mSv. In both cases, that is about 500 times the dose that comes from a chest x-ray.


Doses are much higher for nuclear stress tests that use the radioactive tracer thallium-201 - about 22 mSv with a single injection of thallium. Some cardiologists prefer to use a double-injection protocol with two different radioactive tracers. When thallium and technetium-99m sestamibi are combined, the radiation dose averages about 29.2 mSv.


We all want to keep our exposure to radiation to a minimum. But it is also important to remember that medical tests can provide valuable and sometimes life-saving information, so the risks of radiation exposure must always be weighed against the benefits.


Continue Learning about Heart and Circulatory System

Heart and Circulatory System

Heart and Circulatory System

Your circulatory system is made up of your heart and three main types of blood vessels -- arteries, veins and capillaries. Your heart is at the center of the system, acting as a pump to distribute nutrient- and oxygen-rich blood t...

hrough your body; it then takes away carbon dioxide and other waste your body doesn't need. Signs of poor circulation include cold hands and feet, numbness, dizziness, migraines, varicose veins and pain in your feet or legs. Untreated, poor circulation can lead to stroke, high blood pressure, kidney damage and other diseases. Learn more about your heart and circulatory system with expert advice from Sharecare.

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.