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What are some examples of nitrate medications?

Anthony L. Komaroff, MD
Internal Medicine
The following are nitroglycerin and long-acting nitrates for angina:
  • nitroglycerin (Nitrostat): Side effects include headache, flushing, low blood pressure. Placed under tongue to provide relief from or to prevent angina attack; a short-acting preparation.
  • nitroglycerin spray (Nitrolingual Pump spray, NitroMist): One to two squirts onto or under the tongue to treat or prevent angina.
  • isosorbide mononitrate (Imdur, Ismo, others): It is a long-acting nitrate pill taken at regular prescribed intervals to decrease the frequency of angina.
  • nitroglycerin ointment (Nitro-Bid): It is placed on the skin and covered with a dressing, allowing slow absorption of the medication over several hours; removal of ointment for several hours each day is recommended to provide a period without exposure to nitroglycerin.
  • nitroglycerin patch (Minitran, Nitro-Dur, others): Removal of patch for several hours each day is recommended to provide a period without exposure to nitroglycerin.

Some common examples of nitrate medications include:

  • isosorbide dinitrate (Dilatrate-SR, Isordil)
  • isosorbide mononitrate (ISMO)
  • nitroglycerin (Nitro-Dur, Nitrolingual, Nitrostat

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.