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The following are nitroglycerin and long-acting nitrates for angina:
- nitroglycerin (Nitrostat): Side effects include headache, flushing, low blood pressure. Placed under tongue to provide relief from or to prevent angina attack; a short-acting preparation.
- nitroglycerin spray (Nitrolingual Pump spray, NitroMist): One to two squirts onto or under the tongue to treat or prevent angina.
- isosorbide mononitrate (Imdur, Ismo, others): It is a long-acting nitrate pill taken at regular prescribed intervals to decrease the frequency of angina.
- nitroglycerin ointment (Nitro-Bid): It is placed on the skin and covered with a dressing, allowing slow absorption of the medication over several hours; removal of ointment for several hours each day is recommended to provide a period without exposure to nitroglycerin.
- nitroglycerin patch (Minitran, Nitro-Dur, others): Removal of patch for several hours each day is recommended to provide a period without exposure to nitroglycerin.
Some common examples of nitrate medications include:
- isosorbide dinitrate (Dilatrate-SR, Isordil)
- isosorbide mononitrate (ISMO)
- nitroglycerin (Nitro-Dur, Nitrolingual, Nitrostat
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