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What are the different types of gallbladder disease?

The most common gallbladder disease is due to stones. Stones in the gallbladder can block it from emptying the bile it stores, causing inflammation and pain. You can have intermittent attacks of symptoms caused by gallbladder stones (symptomatic cholelithiasis). Sometimes the stones can completely block the gallbladder from emptying and this causes severe inflammation of the gallbladder (cholecystitis). Other problems related to the gallbladder are caused by a gallbladder stone dislodging and blocking the pancreas duct (pancreatitis) or the main bile duct (cholangitis), or when the gallbladder does not empty bile like it should into the intestines (biliary dyskinesia).

There are many types of gallbladder disease. Stones or sludge can get trapped in the gallbladder and cause inflammation of the gallbladder itself. They can also get stuck in the tubes or ducts that carry bile (a liquid the liver makes) from the gallbladder into the intestines. This can cause a blockage that may injure the pancreas or cause an infection. It is also possible to get cancer of the gallbladder.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.