Diet & Nutrition

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    A , Naturopathic Medicine, answered

    A severe deficiency of thiamine results in a condition known as beriberi. Beriberi is characterized by extreme loss of appetite, congestive heart failure, water retention, psychosis (disorientation, hallucinations, loss of memory, etc.), muscle pain, and other symptoms of disturbed nerve function.

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    Treatment options for food addiction are similar to many other types of substance abuse treatment. Twelve-step programs, such as Overeaters Anonymous, and other support groups have formed across the country to help food addicts. Counselors and psychologists can help you get to the root cause of food addiction and can help you develop ways to deal with the eating compulsion when it arises. Working with a nutritionist to create food plans and identifying trigger foods that cause cravings can also help.

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    A Nutrition & Dietetics, answered on behalf of
    Since heart disease, specific cancers, and stroke are the top three leading causes of death among American males, what men may be eating, or unfortunately, not eating enough of, may be detrimental to their long-term health.
    Here are some food and diet changes that could provide some disease-fighting, health benefit to all men, no matter what the age.

    Heart Disease Fighting Strategies:     

    One of the American Heart Association’s top diet strategies to beat heart disease is to eat two fish (preferably oily fish) meals (3.5 ounces each) weekly to reduce the risk of heart disease. Fish is not only low in heart-unhealthy saturated fat but also provides heart-healthy, omega 3 fatty acids. Research shows that these fatty acids may prevent irregular heart-beats, reduce atherosclerosis, and mildly lower blood pressure. Americans are currently consuming only about 0.1 to 0.2 grams of omega 3s daily, on average, as compared to the 0.5 grams recommended a day. Two fish meals a week will not only meet this daily recommendation but also displace saturated-fat laden protein-rich food, such as hot dogs, regular ground beef, and fried chicken on the plate.

    Cancer Fighting Strategies:

    With prostate cancer being the second leading cause of cancer death among American males, the photochemical, lycopene, may be one of best disease-fighting compounds on the plate. Research suggests that lycopene found in tomatoes and tomato products may help prevent prostate cancer. Cooking the tomatoes as well as serving them with a tad of oil has also shown to enhance the body’s absorption of this photochemical. Watermelon, pink grapefruit, and guava are other delicious food sources of lycopene.

    Stroke-Fighting Strategies:

    While limiting the sodium in the diet is important to lower high blood pressure, a risk factor for stroke, eating more potassium-rich foods such as fruits and vegetables can also lower blood pressure. Unfortunately, many Americans are falling short of the amount of potassium recommended daily as most are not eating the minimum recommended 4.5 cups of fruits and veggies a day.
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    A answered

    Eating 6 ounces of salmon or other cold-water fish a week can reduce your risk of dying from heart disease by 36% and your risk of dying from any other cause by 17%. If that isn't enough motivation, consider this: Some research suggests that men who eat more omega-3s have better-formed sperm than men who eat less. To keep your swimmers in Michael Phelps condition, swap out saturated-fat-laden red meat for fish twice a week. Doing so may help protect against prostate cancer, as well.

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    Did you know that your nutrient needs change as you get older? It's important to know which foods offer the vitamins and minerals that will promote good health as we age.
    • Calcium and vitamin D -- Older adults need more calcium and vitamin D to help maintain bone health. Have three servings of vitamin D-fortified low-fat or fat-free milk or yogurt each day, or other calcium-rich foods such as fortified cereals and fruit juices, dark green leafy vegetables and canned fish with soft bones.
    • Vitamin B12 -- Many people older than 50 do not get enough vitamin B12. Fortified cereal, lean meat and some fish and seafood are sources of vitamin B12.
    • Fiber -- Eat more fiber-rich foods to help stay regular. Fiber also can help lower your risk for heart disease, control your weight and prevent type 2 diabetes.
    • Potassium -- Increasing potassium along with reducing sodium (salt) may lower your risk of high blood pressure. Fruits, vegetables and low-fat or fat-free milk and yogurt are good sources of potassium.
    • Know your fats -- Foods that are low in saturated fats, trans fats and cholesterol help reduce your risk of heart disease. Most of the fats you eat should be polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats.
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    New research suggests that combating “middle age spread” can be accomplished by making the same daily dietary and lifestyle decisions that are good for your heart health. A study published in June 2011 in the New England Journal of Medicine found that eating certain types of food was associated with midlife weight gain.

    Weight gain was associated with eating:
    • potato chips
    • potatoes 
    • sugar-sweetened beverages
    • unprocessed red meats
    • processed meats
    Meanwhile, weight loss was linked to eating:
    • vegetables
    • whole grains
    • fruits
    • nuts
    • yogurt
    Also associated with incremental weight gain over time were various lifestyle factors, such as:
    • sleeping less or more than 6 to 8 hours a night,
    • increased alcohol consumption,
    • decreasing or maintaining (rather than increasing) exercise levels,
    • increasing television viewing time, and
    • quitting smoking
    While on average participants in the studies included in the analysis gained only 0.8 lb. per year, this gradual weight gain added up over time to 8 pounds per decade and increased risk of heart attack, stroke, diabetes, and other health problems.

    The article analyzed long-term data from over 120,000 women and men in the United States who participated in one of three studies.
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    Older adults need to consume at least five ounces of protein a day. However, for some elderly people, protein-rich foods such as meat or poultry may be hard to chew. And for many, meat, poultry and fish can be too expensive.

    Here are some ideas to help older adults meet your protein needs:
    • Choose tender cuts of meat; chicken, turkey or ground meat.
    • Especially if chewing is a problem, have your teeth, gums and/or dentures checked regularly.
    • Visit the dairy aisle. Milk, eggs, cheese and yogurt are good sources of protein.
    • So are beans and peanut butter.
    • If money is an issue, stretch meat, poultry and fish in casseroles or eat them in small portions.
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    A , Internal Medicine, answered
    A form of malnutrition that is surprisingly widespread even in affluent countries is known as "micronutrient malnutrition." Micronutrient malnutrition, in which a person is deficient in some essential vitamins and trace minerals that are obtained from or supplemented by diet, can be common in older people, who tend to eat less and often have less variety in their diets.
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    Call your doctor right away if you believe you have malnutrition. (S)he will need to evaluate you and determine if you can be treated in a hospital or as an outpatient (at home and in clinic). You may be given supplements, such as Ensure or Boost, to make sure you are getting enough calories, protein, fats, and carbohydrates that your body needs.
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    A , Nutrition & Dietetics, answered

    Unfortunately a slower metabolism comes with the aging process. The best way to approach this is to try and avoid as best you can, the loss of lean muscle mass. The more muscle you have, the more efficient your body is at burning calories. Making sure you consume adequate protein from fish, chicken and lean meat, as well as beans and low-fat dairy can help maintain lean muscle mass. In addition, protein has a higher Thermic Effect of Food (TEF). This means that the body uses more calories to digest, absorb and metabolize protein than it does carbohydrates and fat. These things will help keep your metabolism at peak efficiency.

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