Q

Arthritis

What is arthritis?

A Answers (8)

  • A Rheumatology, answered on behalf of
    Arthritis, which means joint inflammation, is the most common joint disease in the world. Arthritis was previously thought to be a normal result of aging, but doctors are now realizing it results from the interplay of multiple factors, including joint integrity, genetics, local inflammation, mechanical forces and cellular and biochemical processes.


     
    Generally, arthritis causes joint pain. There are many different types of arthritis, such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis (OA) and other inflammatory types of arthritis. The pattern of symptoms vary with the different types.
     
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  • A Orthopedic Surgery, answered on behalf of
    Basically all arthritis means is an inflamed joint. “Arthro” means joint. “Itis” is inflammation. Usually the symptoms of arthritis are pain and joint stiffness. It usually starts out mild, first thing in the morning when people get up, they kind of have to limber up and then it gets a little bit better as the day goes on. If they're up too much, it bothers them again. As time goes by, it gets a little bit worse and worse. Ultimately as it progresses, people end up with deformities.
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  • A answered
    Arthritis is inflammation of the joints in one or more places within the body. The most common type of arthritis -- osteoarthritis -- can affect most joints in the body but typically causes pain in the spine, hands, knees, feet and shoulders. Osteoarthritis occurs in almost everyone as they age; it is rare to see people in their 80s who are not affected to some degree.
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  • Arthritis is a condition characterized by pain, warmth, and/or swelling of one or more joints. These symptoms are referred to as inflammation. There are multiple types and causes of arthritis, and any form of joint inflammation should be evaluated by your physician.
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  • A , Orthopedic Surgery, answered
    Arthritis - activity
    Arthritis is the wear and tear of the cartilage that lines the end of your bones. Normally, cartilage is smooth, glistening, and white, and two cartilage-covered bones moving across one another in our joints are virtually frictionless. In fact, they are smoother than ice. When the cartilage begins to wear down, like potholes in a road, the surface loses its smooth finish. This is when the stiffness and aching set in.

     
    Arthritis - activity
  • A , Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, answered
    The word "arthritis" comes from the Greek word arthro, meaning "joint" and itis, meaning "inflammation." Thus, it would seem that arthritis is a set of conditions in which a joint is inflamed. However, as tends to happen with broad medical terms, the word has been used and misused in so many ways that it is now used to refer to just about any joint problem (particularly a chronic one) in which inflammation, pain, and/or stiffness is involved.
  • The term arthritis literally means joint inflammation or swelling. More than 100 different diseases fall under the general category of arthritis. Arthritis conditions affect the joints, the tissues surrounding the affected joints, and other connective tissues.

    Osteoarthritis, also called degenerative joint disease or osteoarthrosis, occurs when the cartilage in the joints starts to break down. The cartilage serves as a cushion between bones, allowing the joint to move without pain. Therefore, patients with osteoarthritis experience pain and reduced mobility in their joints. Osteoarthritis may affect any joint in the body.

    Osteoarthritis occurs most often in individuals older than 45 years, but it may develop at any age. Females are more likely to develop the disorder than males, suggesting that heredity may play a role in the development of the condition. Individuals who are obese, have weak muscles, have cartilage disorders, and/or have malformed joints have an increased risk of developing osteoarthritis.

    Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder that occurs when the body's immune system, which normally fights against disease and infection, attacks itself. Unlike osteoarthritis, which only affects the bones and cartilage, rheumatoid arthritis may also cause swelling in other areas of the body.

    Women are two to three times more likely to develop rheumatoid arthritis than men. Most cases of rheumatoid arthritis occur in individuals who are 20-50 years old. However, rheumatoid arthritis may also develop in young children and older adults. Although there is currently no cure for osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis, treatment can help reduce pain and help individuals remain active.

    Periarthritis is a chronic inflammatory disease of a joint and the tissues surrounding it. The condition primarily affects patients who are 50 years old or older. Periarthritis most commonly affects the shoulder. Periarthritis of the shoulder is also called adhesive capsulitis or frozen shoulder. Patients typically receive cortisol injections, anti-inflammatories, and physical therapy. Without aggressive treatment, periarthritis of the shoulder can be permanent.

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  • A , Preventive Medicine, answered
    Arthritis is a general term for a group of more than 100 diseases. The word "arthritis" means joint inflammation. Two of the most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Osteoarthritis is the most common type and is sometimes called degenerative joint disease because the cartilage in the body breaks down, or degenerates, with age. Rheumatoid arthritis is a long lasting disease that affects joints in any part of the body. The immune system causes the joint lining to swell and inflammation spreads to surrounding tissue in rheumatoid arthritis. These can be very painful conditions that are relentless and disabling. Most health-care professionals recommend many practices as steps to reduce the risk of developing the disease and to slow or prevent permanent joint damage.
This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.
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