Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are related disorders that have some of the same characteristics. ASDs have to do with the way the brain develops and affect the way people relate to others and how they use language. Autism is the most well known of the autism spectrum disorders, but Asperger's syndrome and childhood disintegrative disorder, as well as other less common conditions, are also part of the spectrum.
A Answers (7)
Honor Society of Nursing (STTI) answered
Greenville Health System answered
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) share the core symptoms of signiﬁcant deﬁcits in the quality of their social relatedness and their ability to communicate in social contexts. The third core element is a pattern of restricted and intense interests, reliance on routine and, often, repetitive or stereotyped patterns of movement.
The autism spectrum should be thought of as three-dimensional; children vary not only in the severity of their symptoms but also in which domains of behavior are most affected. It is clear that no two children with ASD are the same. However, it also is clear that their brains are wired differently with a resultant sharing of common symptoms. These differences are determined by the interaction of genetic variations with environmental inﬂuences (most still unidentiﬁed). Sufﬁce it to say that no evidence points to vaccines as the culprit.
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The Autism Spectrum encompasses a heterogeneous group of disorders that have traditionally been characterized as having three symptom domains, including communication deficits, social interaction deficits, and repetitive patterns of behavior. However, recent evidence suggests that impairments in communication and social interaction are inseparable and may be more accurately conceptualized as one domain. As such, the proposed revisions to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM-5) combine delays in social and communicative functioning into a single category alongside a separate category for repetitive and restricted behaviors.
Coleen Boyle, PhD, MS, Public Health, answered on behalf of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are a group of developmental disabilities that can cause significant social, communication and behavioral challenges. People with ASDs handle information in their brain differently than other people.
ASDs are “spectrum disorders." That means ASDs affect each person in different ways, and can range from very mild to severe. People with ASDs share some similar symptoms, such as problems with social interaction. But there are differences in when the symptoms start, how severe they are, and the exact nature of the symptoms.
There are three types of ASDs: Autistic Disorder, Asperger Syndrome, and Pervasive Developmental Disorder - Not Otherwise Specified.
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Intermountain Healthcare answeredAutism is the most common of a group of related disorders called autistic spectrum disorders (ASDs). The next most common autistic spectrum disorder is Asperger's syndrome. While an ASD is sometimes first diagnosed in an adult, these disorders are most often identified and diagnosed in childhood.
The reason ASDs are called "spectrum" disorders is that they affect people differently and to different degrees. Symptoms and behaviors can vary, ranging from mild to severe. For this reason, treatment plans are highly individualized.
Simply broken down, ASD includes a range of neurological and developmental impairments that affect how individuals interact socially, communicate verbally and nonverbally, think, learn, move, and play. An estimated 1 in 150 children falls somewhere within the autism spectrum. In most cases, the cause is unknown, though sometimes there is a strong genetic component. Continued biological and environmental research is needed to understand what triggers most autism.
From The Smart Parent's Guide: Getting Your Kids Through Checkups, Illnesses, and Accidents by Jennifer Trachtenberg.
Find out more about this book:The Smart Parent's Guide: Getting Your Kids Through Checkups, Illnesses, and Accidents
Michele Borba, Psychology, answeredThere is new information to know about autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A new study out this week estimates that one in every 91 children in the U.S. ages 3 to 17 has an ASD. That report increases the current estimate of autism occurring in 1 in 150 children. The odds of having ASD are four times as large for boys than girls. The report, “Prevalence of Parent-Reported Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder among Children in the US,” was published this week in Pediatrics, and conducted by the Department of Health and Human Services National Survey of Children’s Health, using data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
My interest and concern about childhood autism began years ago. The general belief in those days was that a “Refrigerator Mother” brought on the condition. I’m still haunted at the injustice done to those women who were some of the most loving moms I’ve known–so guilt-ridden believing that horrific notion. So let me be very clear: Asperger’s syndrome and Autism are neurological conditions–not psychological or behavioral issues–and neither of them is caused by “bad parenting.”
We’ve come a long way in helping Autistic children from when I first taught. We’re now using research-based instruction. We’re more data-collection driven and we’re far better at recognizing better spectrum identification. We also recognize that the earlier the identification, the better our success in addressing our children’s needs.
That’s why I included Autism Spectrum Disorder as one of the 101 modern-day parenting issues in The Big Book of Parenting Solutions: 101 Answers to Your Everyday Challenges and Wildest Worries (pages 477-487). If you have a copy you’ll find signs of Autism spectrum disorder, best new research, four factors to know if the child’s behavior is just “quirky or too far out and should be checked, tips to know if your child should be in a special education setting, what to expect by age and stage, as well as the three steps with best and proven solutions (early intervention, rapid response, and new habits to help your child learn to boost their success in life). I want you to know those signs because hands down, all studies show early intervention is essential.
Find out more about this book:The Big Book of Parenting Solutions: 101 Answers to Your Everyday Challenges and Wildest Worries