When is a liver transplant needed?
A liver transplant can make sense when cancer or cirrhosis with complications is the diagnosis. But when cirrhosis alone is the problem, such a drastic measure probably isn't needed, as transplant surgeon Dr. Tomoaki Kato explains in this video.
Just having a cirrhosis itself is not an indication for liver transplant. The cirrhosis with complication, we call it decompensation.
Well, the liver transplantation is needed for the advanced liver disease, end stage liver
disease, typically of cirrhosis. But not having-- just having a cirrhosis itself is not an indication for liver transplant.
The cirrhosis with complication, we call it decompensation.
So the cirrhosis is complicated by acute bleeding problem.
The patient with cirrhosis has a tendency to bleed, bleed internally mostly,
or the patient start having the fluid accumulation in the abdomen, it's called ascites, or getting confusion, called hepatic encephalopathy.
These major complication and decompensation symptoms happens, that's when you really need a liver transplant.
And another common indication to go for liver transplant is the development of cancer.
The development of cancer is a part of the complication of liver cirrhosis. [AUDIO LOGO]
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