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What is extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO)?

Timothy S. Roush, MD
Vascular Surgery
When the heart-lung machine is used in the operating room in venoarterial mode to provide total support of heart and lung function to facilitate cardiac operations, the technique is commonly called cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). When used with extrathoracic cannulation for respiratory support the technique has been called extracorporeal membrane oxygenation.

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