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What increases my risk for temporomandibular disorder (TMD)?

Your risk for temporomandibular disorder (TMD), a condition affecting your jaw bones, increases based on your age and gender. TMD is more common among women between ages 30 and 50. If you have a jaw injury or deformity where your jaw doesn't work properly or your teeth don't align properly, you are more likely to develop TMD. It also occurs more often in people with rheumatoid arthritis, fibromyalgia, chronic fatigue syndrome, or sleep disorders. You may also be at greater risk of TMD if you grind your teeth.
Diana Meeks
Diana Meeks on behalf of Sigma Nursing
Family Practitioner
There are a variety of causes as well as risk factors for TMD. Women between the ages of 30 and 50 have higher incidences of TMD. Being under stress is a risk factor, as it may lead to jaw clenching and teeth grinding. Physical problems, like poorly aligned teeth, arthritis of the jaw, a dislocated jaw, or an inflamed temporomandibular joint will increase the risk of developing TMD. Dentures that fit poorly also increase the risk.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.