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How is a root canal procedure done?

A root canal procedure often involves from one to three visits. During treatment, your general dentist or endodontist (a dentist who specializes in problems of the pulp) removes the diseased pulp (the soft tissue of a tooth that contains nerves, blood vessels and connective tissue). The pulp chamber and root canal(s) of the tooth are then cleaned and sealed.

Here's how your tooth is saved through treatment:
  1. First, an opening is made through the crown of the tooth into the pulp chamber.
  2. The pulp is then removed. The root canal(s) is cleaned and shaped to a form that can be filled.
  3. Medications may be put in the pulp chamber and root canal(s) to help get rid of germs and prevent infection.
  4. A temporary filling will be placed in the crown opening to protect the tooth between dental visits. Your dentist may leave the tooth open for a few days to drain. You might also be given medicine to help control infection that may have spread beyond the tooth.
  5. The pulp chamber and root canals are filled and sealed.
  6. The temporary filling is removed and the pulp chamber and root canal(s) are cleaned and filled.
  7. In the final step, a gold or porcelain crown is usually placed over the tooth. If an endodontist performs the treatment, he or she will recommend that you return to your family dentist for this final step.

Continue Learning about Root Canal Therapy

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.