Advertisement

How can a man improve his fertility naturally?

Proper stress management, sleep, and healthy lifestyle habits can improve fertility.

Some of the factors that may impact male fertility include: age, general medical conditions, medications or supplements, and environmental exposures. There is a lot of conflicting data regarding many of these factors.

For optimal health and fertility, one should avoid obesity, stress and performance-enhancing steroids. Age is not something one can change, though it should be considered when planning for pregnancy. Sperm motility decreases 0.7% every year after a man turns 30, which could have an effect on getting pregnant. Exposure to heat (such as prolonged time in hot-tubs) is an environmental factor that has been shown to lower sperm maturation in the testicles, though it is less clear if this decreases overall rates of fertility.

Additionally, there are many late-night infomercial programs aimed at “boosting male enhancement.” There is not enough data available to form a consensus on whether these “natural” supplements have any longstanding effect on sperm production or infertility. It is always best to consult your doctor before trying a new supplement to discuss side effects, interactions and whether it may be right for you.

Dr. Rachel K. Ashby, MD
OBGYN (Obstetrician & Gynecologist)
Men may be able to boost their fertility naturally through several factors:
  • Timing of intercourse: The optimal semen quality has been shown to occur with a 2-3 day abstinence of ejaculation. Intercourse can be timed to the predicated day of ovulation to help appropriately time the male abstinence.
  • Weight: Male obesity contributes to abnormalities in reproductive hormones including decline in testosterone and increased estrogen levels. This has been shown to have subtle effects on sperm quality. Further, male obesity is a risk factor for erectile dysfunction. Men are recommended to maintain a healthy body weight to ensure reproductive health as well as general health.
  • Smoking: Tobacco use has been shown to correlate with sub-fertility in both men and women. Chronic tobacco use has also been identified as a risk factor in erectile dysfunction. No safe use of tobacco has been established and thus men are recommended to forgo the use of all tobacco products.  The use of marijuana and sperm quality is controversial, but has been implicated in poor sperm parameters as well.
  • Alcohol: Heavy use of alcohol causes decreases in both testosterone levels and sperm production in the testicle. Testicular atrophy (decrease in size) has also been noted with heavy use. In addition, significant alcohol consumption is another factor that has been shown to cause erectile dysfunction. Moderate use of alcohol (1-4 drinks per week) or less is recommended.

Continue Learning about Male Infertility

That Nightly Beer Could Lower Sperm Quality
That Nightly Beer Could Lower Sperm Quality
Guys, it’s time to reconsider cracking open a cold one after a long day of work. It turns out that even moderate alcohol consumption could lower sperm...
Read More
How Noise Pollution Impacts Fertility
How Noise Pollution Impacts Fertility
In New York, a man’s average hearing age is more than 12 years older than his actual age; in Houston it’s almost 13 years older and in Los Angeles it’...
Read More
How can fertility be preserved in young people with cancer?
Jaime M. Vasquez, MDJaime M. Vasquez, MD
When someone is diagnosed with cancer at a young age it's important to consider fertility preservati...
More Answers
What is male infertility?
John K. Jain, MDJohn K. Jain, MD
Of all infertility cases, nearly half are the result of female factor infertility, and half are the ...
More Answers

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.