Injuries, Wound and Trauma

Injuries, Wound and Trauma

Injuries, Wound and Trauma
The normal course of daily living ensures that at some point we will injure ourselves. The body is great at healing minor injuries, and first-aid basics will help keep injuries from becoming serious or infected. As we move up to more serious injuries, again knowing what to do first is important, even if follow-up care must be done by a medic or hospital emergency room. It's always better to prevent injury if you can. Pay attention to hazards that can cause falls. In the kitchen use cutting blocks and sharp knives - they are safer because you use less pressure while cutting.

Recently Answered

  • 1 Answer
    A
    What are the long-term effects of a childhood injury?
    In the majority of cases, a childhood injury has no long-term impact, says orthopedic surgeon Laurel Benson, MD, of Rocky Mountain Pediatric Orthopedics. In this video, she notes the importance of follow-up care to ensure everything is growing well.
  • 1 Answer
    A
    A answered
    A wound culture is a laboratory screening test that looks for growth of microorganisms (bacteria, fungi or viruses, for example) in a wound. A sample of tissue or fluid from the wound would be taken using a cotton swab, or in some cases a sterile needle to extract fluid. The sample is put in a special container and sent to a laboratory where it will be carefully observed under a microscope to see if any microorganisms grow in it.

    Your doctor will likely do a wound culture if you have signs of infection in a cut, including:
    • redness
    • swelling
    • feeling warm to the touch
    • fever
    • a wound that is slow to heal
    • evidence of pus or fluid
    • tenderness at the site of the wound
    If microorganisms grow in the culture, the culture is said to be positive. Your doctor can use this information to determine the type of germ that is infecting the wound, and the best way to treat it.
  • 1 Answer
    A
    A answered
    Occupational medicine specialists are doctors who are specially trained in occupational health and safety, in addition to their medical training. They specialize in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of work-related injuries and diseases. To do this, they must have a strong understanding of hazards that occur in the workplace, as well as the laws and policies that affect workplaces and employees. They're also experts in how to deliver occupational health and safety services, and they may be board certified by the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
  • 1 Answer
    A
    A , Orthodontics & Dentofacial Orthopedics, answered
    Depending on the severity of the injury and your age, a general dentist and specialists such as an oral surgeon, endodontist, pediatric dentist and an orthodontist may be involved in treating a mouth injury.
  • 1 Answer
    A
    A Plastic Surgery, answered on behalf of
    Tissue expansion can help the body grow additional skin to cover a wound. Often used for breast reconstruction, a balloon expander gradually stretches the skin, and the extra tissue is used for the procedure. Tissue expansion requires patience, since it can take a couple of months for the new tissue to grow.
  • 1 Answer
    A
    A Plastic Surgery, answered on behalf of
    Severe wounds can cause pain, loss of function, have an unattractive appearance or all of the above. Fortunately, there are a number of plastic surgery techniques that can help.
    • Skin grafts
    • Microsurgery
    • Tissue expansion
    Regardless of the actual procedure, it’s important to know that, these are serious surgeries and require longer periods of recovery time. It could be a few months before the skin around the wound looks or feels “normal.”
  • 1 Answer
    A
    A , Spine Surgery, answered
    Patients often wonder how soft tissue can be so painful. It’s because soft tissues are loaded with small and numerous pain fibers arranged in a kind of spider-web pattern. Irritated soft tissues give rise to some of the most painful conditions that afflict us, such as plantar fasciitis, tennis elbow, muscular tension headaches, chondromalacia of the kneecap, among others.

    Even a heart attack is fundamentally a muscular pain: The heart muscle lacks oxygen and the soft tissue pain fibers around it are stimulated. 
  • 1 Answer
    A
    A answered
    Typical signs and symptoms that you or a loved one may be overheating include:
    • nausea
    • vomiting
    • abdominal cramping
    • confusion
    • dizziness
    • headache
    • muscle cramping
    • difficulty breathing
    • red-hot skin
    • loss of consciousness
  • 1 Answer
    A
    A Family Medicine, answered on behalf of

    We need to take precautions during the summer because we do things outdoors. I'm always trying to encourage my patients to be more active with family activities and exercise out of doors, but they need to be more careful. We have to watch out for lightening when it rains and we also have to hydrate well in hot weather. Among the best methods of hydration – there’s no better substitute than water obviously - occasionally drinks like Gatorade and other types of hydration to replace electrolytes help. With these, you have to be very careful because they might have a lot of calories. It’s important, whenever I take my boys to the park, to always carry plenty of water, soft drinks or other fluids.

  • 1 Answer
    A
    A answered

    The following steps should be taken when a child is exhibiting symptoms of heat exhaustion or stroke:

    • Call 911 for immediate medical assistance.
    • Get the child to a shady area, away from direct sunlight.
    • Remove hot or wet clothing.
    • Cool the child with wet towel, fan and/or ice packs under armpits, neck and groin.
    • Monitor body temperature and continue cooling methods.
    • Perform CPR if needed.