Human Anatomy

Human Anatomy

Human Anatomy
The human anatomy is comprised of multiple systems at work in the body, all of which are in relationship with one another. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle with proper nutrition and exercise helps to ensure your body systems work well together.

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    A , Cardiology (Cardiovascular Disease), answered
    Oftentimes people don't realize that the body has its own extraordinary internal detoxification system. Here's a brief look at three critical organs involved:
    • The Liver: Your first line of defense against toxins is your liver, which acts like a filter in preventing toxic substances contained in foods from passing into your blood stream.
    • The Colon: This organ has bacteria that produce both healthy and unhealthy chemicals. You want to keep your colon flowing regularly since its main role is to flush out toxic chemicals before they can do you any harm.
    • The Kidneys: Like clockwork, the kidneys are constantly filtering your blood and getting rid of toxins in the form of urine.

    This content originally appeared on doctoroz.com
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    A , Gynecology, answered
    The urinary system, the intestines, and the reproductive organs are supported by ligaments and the pelvic floor. The pelvic floor is an important network of muscles and connective tissue that extends from your pubic bone to your tailbone, with openings for the urethra and anus, as well as the vagina in women. Most of the time, certain pelvic muscles stay contracted to hold the pelvic organs in place against the pull of gravity.

    When you are active or trying to avoid urination, you can voluntarily tighten these muscles, along with the external urethral sphincter, to provide added support and prevent leakage. When you urinate, your pelvic floor muscles and urethral sphincter relax, and your bladder muscles contract, sending the urine from the bladder, through the urethra, and out of the body. When the bladder is empty, the bladder muscles relax, and the sphincter and pelvic muscles tighten.
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    Basal body temperature is the body's lowest temperature measured at absolute rest. This is often used as a natural way to assess fertility, since a woman's basal body temperature is likely to be slightly higher during ovulation.
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    The femoral triangle is an area in the upper medial aspect of the thigh, where the femoral nerve, artery, and vein pass through. It is bordered by the inguinal ligament at the top, the sartorius muscle on the lateral side, and the adductor longus medially.

    (This answer provided for NATA by the University of Tampa Athletic Training Education Program)

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    A fistula is an communication that connects internal structures with the body’s surface. This can be surgically created but usually it is an abnormal formation that requires treatment.
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    "Human Anatomy" (6th edition) by Frederic H. Martini, Michael J. Timmons, Robert B. Tallitsch. This book is pricier than some but definitely worth the cost. 

    Another of my favorite anatomy resources is "Netter's Anatomy Flash Cards". This is a fantastic tool for studying and review. They are easy to understand and very detailed.

    Both items can be found on sites like Amazon.com

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    We have learned through research that people who are shaped like apples -- with their fat mainly in the abdomen -- have worse illness associated with them. Patients who are shaped like apples are more likely to suffer from:
    • high blood pressure
    • high cholesterol
    • diabetes
    • heart disease
    • cancer
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    A , Rheumatology, answered
    Some scientists put us in various categories, depending on the way we are built. For example, there are those men and women we call "apples," who accumulate fat at the waistline (mostly men); pears (mostly women) are those who carry more weight below the waist and around the thighs and upper legs. If you are an apple body type, you have a higher risk of developing heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, stroke, and even some cancers -- and you have an increased risk of suffering with back pain.
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    The ancient Greeks used the term 'humors' to describe a liquid or semiliquid substance in the body. Hippocrates, of ancient Greece, believed in the theory of four 'humors' -- yellow bile, black bile, phlegm and blood.

    The theory holds that good health results when the four humors are in balance. Any imbalance, however, results in an illness or a personality problem.
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    A , Gastroenterology, answered
    There are multiple organ systems at work within you, all of which are in
    relationship with one another.

    The main organ systems of your body include:

    Circulatory system: heart, blood, blood vessels, and lymphatics

    Digestive system: esophagus, stomach, small intestine, and colon

    Endocrine system: pituitary, thyroid, ovaries, and testes

    Immune system: organs (including lymphatics and spleen), special
    cells, proteins, and tissues

    Integumentary system: skin, hair, nails, and sweat glands

    Muscular system: muscles

    Nervous system: brain, spinal cord, and nerves

    Reproductive system: uterus, penis, ovaries, and testes

    Respiratory system: nose, larynx, trachea, diaphragm, bronchi, and
    lungs

    Skeletal system: bones, cartilage, and joints

    Urinary system: kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, and urethra