Advertisement

What is multiple myeloma?

Dr. Mehmet Oz, MD
Cardiology (Cardiovascular Disease)
One type of blood cell cancer called multiple myeloma affects blood plasma cells, a type of cell involved in immunity. It causes tiny holes throughout bone that can weaken and fracture easily. As the cancerous cells become more abundant in the marrow, it crowds out healthy stem cells so they never have a chance to mature into healthy platelets, red blood cells and white blood cells. The Multiple Myeloma Tipoff: Chronic bone pain, back pain, unexplained fractures, anemia, frequent infections, and fatigue can be a sign of multiple myeloma.

Multiple myeloma is the most common type of myeloma. Myelomas are hematologic cancers caused by uncontrolled growth of plasma cells. As these plasma cells divide, they form a mass called a plasmacytoma. When there is only one such mass, the myeloma is called a solitary plasmacytoma. Much more commonly, plasmacytomas are present in many sites, and the myeloma is referred to as multiple myeloma. Approximately 90% of myelomas are multiple myeloma. Plasmacytomas (both solitary and those of multiple myeloma) are usually found in bone marrow, but they can potentially occur anywhere in the body.

Continue Learning about Hematologic/Blood Cancers

Staying Fit During Multiple Myeloma Remission
Staying Fit During Multiple Myeloma Remission
Exercise brings with it many benefits that are helpful for people with multiple myeloma or in remission. At the top of that list: Exercise's ability t...
Read More
Maintain Your Emotional Well-Being During Multiple Myeloma Remission
Maintain Your Emotional Well-Being During Multiple Myeloma Remission
Multiple myeloma is a treatable disease, but not, at this point, a curable one. Even entry into remission doesn’t signal the end of worries and concer...
Read More
Who gets myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative diseases?
Sigma NursingSigma Nursing
Different myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative disease subtypes affect different populations. Men aged...
More Answers
Do hematologic cancers affect children differently than adults?
Honor Society of Nursing (STTI)Honor Society of Nursing (STTI)
Hematologic cancers do affect children differently than adults. In general, they are less common in ...
More Answers

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.