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Side effects of surgery for uterine prolapse may include short term spotting and discomfort with sitting. There may be a little higher rate of vaginal infection or urinary tract infections. Limitations after surgery typically include no intimacy for six weeks and no heavy lifting (more than 10 pounds) for six weeks. Long term, the vagina can be given too much support. This may result in some painful intercourse. Typically, this resolves with time and there are treatments to speed up the return to normal sexual function.
Some people with prolapse who have either no or mild incontinence may be at risk for developing incontinence. Correcting the prolapse may reveal some hidden incontinence.
The side effects of surgery for uterine prolapse depend to a large extent on the type of procedure. Some procedures may increase the chance of developing prolapse of another pelvic organ or tissue, such as the bladder (resulting in a cystocele). Uterine prolapse surgery may also cause bleeding, a hematoma (an abnormal collection of blood in the tissues), nerve damage, painful intercourse, difficulties with urination, and recurrence of the prolapse. Surgery may also be associated with the usual side effects and risks of anesthesia, which may prohibit the use of surgery in women with major health problems.
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