What are the side effects of surgery for my uterine prolapse?

Dr. Jeanne Morrison, PhD
Family Practitioner

Surgery is usually the best way to treat severe uterine prolapse. There are a number of options for surgery, including hysterectomy, repair of pelvic supporting tissues (using your own tissues or tissues from another person), and suspension of the uterus by attachment of the upper vagina to a nearby stable structure. These techniques are often combined. The surgery may be performed through the vaginal canal or via a lower abdominal incision. The risk of recurrence tends to be less when a hysterectomy is included and when an abdominal incision is used.

The side effects of surgery for uterine prolapse depend to a large extent on the type of procedure. Some procedures may increase the chance of developing prolapse of another pelvic organ or tissue, such as the bladder (resulting in a cystocele). Uterine prolapse surgery may also cause bleeding, a hematoma (an abnormal collection of blood in the tissues), nerve damage, painful intercourse, difficulties with urination, and recurrence of the prolapse. Surgery may also be associated with the usual side effects and risks of anesthesia, which may prohibit the use of surgery in women with major health problems.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.