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How can I protect my eyes?

The best option is to keep your eyes as healthy as possible throughout your lifetime. Here are nine ways to protect your vision:

  • Get a dilated eye exam.
  • Know your family's eye health history.
  • Eat right to protect your sight -- in particular, eat plenty of dark leafy greens such as spinach, kale, or collard greens, and fish that is high in omega-3 fatty acids.
  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Wear protective eyewear when playing sports or doing activities around the home.
  • Quit smoking or never start.
  • Wear sunglasses that block 99% to 100% of UVA and UVB radiation.
  • Clean your hands and your contact lenses properly to avoid the risk of infection.
  • Practice workplace eye safety.
Dr. Kelly Traver
Internist

You won't irreversibly harm your vision if you sit too close to the television, read with a dim light, or stare at a computer all day, although you will cause eyestrain. It is important, though, to wear UV light-protective sunglasses when in direct sun. You also need to protect the blood vessels that feed the retina of the eye by keeping your blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugar low and by not smoking. Your eyes are precious and serve a critical role in your ability to engage in an active, healthy lifestyle, so guard this treasure carefully.

Dr. Mehmet Oz, MD
Cardiologist (Heart Specialist)

First, don’t smoke. You already know smoking is dangerous for heart and lung health, but it also increases your risk for macular degeneration, cataracts, and optic-nerve damage.

Wear sunglasses to protect your eyes from the sun’s harmful ultraviolet rays. Choose a pair that blocks out both UVA and UVB radiation.

Lastly, get in the habit of wearing safety glasses, goggles, or eye shields to protect against eye injuries during sports and certain work activities. You can find protective eyewear at either eye-care or sporting goods stores.

This content originally appeared on doctoroz.com.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.