What changes occur in women's bodies due to a drop in estrogen levels?

When your body experiences a drop in estrogen (female hormone) levels, you may notice a variety of changes in your body. Hot flashes, night sweats, and vaginal dryness are the most common. Others changes include:
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Body aches and pains
  • Discomfort and pain during sex
  • Breast sensitivity or tenderness
  • Hair thinning or shedding
  • Difficulty sleeping
  • Memory issues
Talk to your doctor about the changes you experience, and inform your partner so that he's aware as well. 
Dr. Mehmet Oz, MD
Cardiology (Cardiovascular Disease)
Estrogen plays a large role in a woman's body and when it drops it affects almost every body system -- the skin, bones, blood vessels, brain, and reproductive and urinary organs. When estrogen isn't available, bones lose density making them more prone to postmenopausal osteoporosis and that can increase the risk for fractures. Women can also experience hot flashes, night sweats, facial flushing, and problems with sex, sleep, mood and thinking. The skin becomes drier and less elastic, especially inside the vagina. For most women, the decline in estrogen happens slowly over a number of years. However, estrogen production can stop suddenly so the changes can feel like they come on like gangbusters.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.