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What does hemisection dental surgery treat?

Hemisections can address destruction of one root and/or the connective tissue around the tooth. Hemisection is most common on lower molars because they are most amenable to sectioning in half. If decay or a crack exists on one root and the other root has good structure in bone then hemisection can allow for removal of the one affected root. If the bone in the area between the roots or furcation is compromised leaving an area difficult to clean, the hemisection may be performed to enable better cleaning. It must be remembered that the remaining root structure will still require endodontic treatment and a crown, and the longevity of this tooth will be compromised. Before this procedure is performed, there must be a clear understanding of the costs and compromises as well as alternatives to treatment.

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