How do hormones affect the shape of my body?

Dr. Jack Merendino, MD
Endocrinology Diabetes & Metabolism
Different hormones have different effects on the shape of the body. Testosterone increases muscle mass and reduces body fat leading to the sharp muscle definition that we associate with the male physique. Estrogen causes breast enlargement and the accumulation of subcutaneous fat, especially around the hips and thighs, giving rise to feminine curves. Too much cortisol, and adrenal hormone, leads to fat accumulation in the face and trunk and thinning of the muscles of the extremities. Hormones made by fat cells in and around the liver in a person with diabetes or insulin resistance cause a vicious cycle with the accumulation of even more abdominal fat.
Dr. Mehmet Oz, MD
Cardiology (Cardiovascular Disease)
According to nutrition specialist Dr. Jeffrey Morrison, the way you are shaped is controlled by your hormones. For most, when you’re young, you have the liberty to eat what you want and not gain weight. But no one’s a stranger to the fact that as you age, things change. With every decade you age, your hormones shift and your metabolism slows down.

When the body starts to collect extra fat in certain areas, Dr. Morrison asserts that this is a symptom that there is something wrong with one of your fat-burning hormones, wreaking havoc on your metabolism. Depending on which hormone is weak will determine where the fat will go -- and what your body type becomes.
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Continue Learning about Endocrine System

Endocrine System

Your endocrine system works with your nervous system to control important bodily functions. The endocrine systems responsibilities include regulating growth, sexual development and function, metabolism and mood. The endocrine syst...

em also helps give your body the energy it needs to function properly. Endocrine glands secrete hormones into the bloodstream. Hormones are considered chemical messengers, coordinating your body by transferring information from one set of cells to another. Your endocrine system health can be affected by hormone imbalances resulting from impaired glands. A hormone imbalance can cause problems with bodily growth, sexual development, metabolism and other bodily functions. Endocrine system diseases or conditions include diabetes, growth disorders and osteoporosis.

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.