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Who should receive an intestinal transplant?

Because organ rejection remains a serious risk, intestinal transplantation has largely been reserved for life-threatening conditions associated with total parenteral nutrition and liver failure. Advances in surgical technique, immunosuppressant medications, and post-operative monitoring have significantly improved survival rates in the last decade, rendering earlier transplantation (before liver failure) a viable option.

Combined liver and intestinal transplantation is an option for patients with liver and intestinal failure, but who have a normal stomach and pancreas. In rare cases, the stomach, liver, pancreas, spleen, and intestine may all require transplantation. Transplantation of multiple organs is known as "multiviseral transplantation."

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.