What are the risk factors for gallbladder disease?

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Some of the risk factors for gallbladder disease include being female, over age 60, overweight or obese or pregnant. Other risk factors are having family members with gallbladder disease and having diabetes. Certain ethnic groups are more likely to get gallbladder disease, such as Native Americans and Mexican Americans. There are also dietary factors that can contribute, such as eating a lot of foods that are high in cholesterol and fat and low in fiber.
The following factors may increase your risk for developing gallbladder disease:

- obesity
- pregnancy
- being female; women are two to three times more likely to develop gallbladder disease than men
- diabetes
- certain malabsorption disorders that affect normal digestion
- having sickle cell disease
- your race; African Americans,for example, have a higher risk of gallbladder disease than people of other races
- a strong family history (other people in your family have had gallbladder disease and/or had their gallbladders removed)

Family history -- your genetic makeup -- is the primary risk factor for gallbladder disease. Other factors that increase your risk include the sudden gain or loss of weight and pregnancy.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.