What is esophageal stenosis and how is it treated?

Linda A. Lee, MD

Esophageal stenosis occurs when the esophagus is so narrow, making it hard for too-large materials to travel through easily. Narrowing of the esophagus might be caused by a growth, inflammation, or scar tissue. Interestingly, your swallowing tube can be narrowed by as much as 50 percent and you might still have no trouble swallowing.

Sometimes the object causing the narrowing, like a tumor, can be removed. If not, the doctor can discuss options, including simply breaking food into smaller pieces or pureeing it for easier swallowing.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.