What lifestyle changes should I make if I have functional dyspepsia?

Lawrence S. Friedman, MD

If diagnosed with functional dyspepsia (FD) -- persistent upper abdominal pain or discomfort for which there is no identifiable cause -- you may have to perform lifestyle modifications.

Make good eating choices

  • Avoid foods that trigger symptoms.
  • Eat small portions and avoid overeating.
  • Eat smaller, more frequent meals.
  • Chew your food slowly and completely.
  • Avoid activities that result in swallowing excess air, such as smoking, eating quickly, chewing gum, and drinking carbonated beverages.
  • Don't lie down within two hours of eating.
  • Keep your weight under control.
Reduce stress
  • Use stress reduction techniques, including relaxation therapies, cognitive behavioral therapy, or exercise.
Reduce fatigue
  • Get enough rest.
  • Go to bed and get up at the same times each day.
  • Avoid caffeine after noon.
  • Perform aerobic exercise three to five times a week for 20 to 40 minutes per session.
  • Don't exercise immediately after eating.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.