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What does a properly performed semen analysis include?

A properly performed semen analysis evaluates several parameters including:
  • ejaculate volume;
  • sperm count;
  • sperm motility;
  • forward progression;
  • sperm morphology;
  • pH Balance
  • sperm agglutination;
  • white blood cell presence;
  • hyperviscosity;
  • sperm concentration.
Sperm count/shape/motility, volume, liquefaction time, white blood cell count (normally not present in sperm), pH (acidic vs alkaline), and fructose level (energy level of the sperm) are included in a sperm analysis.

Semen analysis involves collecting a sample of semen and having a trained expert look at the number, shape and movement of the sperm. Usually two normal results mean that there are no significant fertility problems. However, men with normal sperm can still be infertile and vice versa; men with low sperm counts can be fertile.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.