What is juvenile diabetes?

Mr. Eliot LeBow, CDE, LCSW
Endocrinology Diabetes & Metabolism

Juvenile diabetes also called Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder that destroys the Beta cells that are found in the islets of Langerhans within the pancreas.

With juvenile diabetes antibodies that are produced in white blood cells are hard wired to attack beta cells as though they were a pathogen and destroy the beta cells needed to produce insulin.

Therefore juvenile diabetics are required to inject insulin multiple times daily or use an insulin pump to continuously release insulin into subcutaneous fat.

Insulin is necessary for the human body to remove excess glucose from the blood stream. This process maintains healthy functioning of all systems in the human body.


Dr. Mehmet Oz, MD
Cardiology (Cardiovascular Disease)
Juvenile diabetes is another name for type 1 diabetes. People with type 1 diabetes make very little or no insulin. Watch the video to learn more about type 1 diabetes.

Continue Learning about Diabetes


Diabetes mellitus (MEL-ih-tus), often referred to as diabetes, is characterized by high blood glucose (sugar) levels that result from the body’s inability to produce enough insulin and/or effectively utilize the insulin. Diabetes ...

is a serious, life-long condition and the sixth leading cause of death in the United States. Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism (the body's way of digesting food and converting it into energy). There are three forms of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that accounts for five- to 10-percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes may account for 90- to 95-percent of all diagnosed cases. The third type of diabetes occurs in pregnancy and is referred to as gestational diabetes. Left untreated, gestational diabetes can cause health issues for pregnant women and their babies. People with diabetes can take preventive steps to control this disease and decrease the risk of further complications.

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.