Heart and Circulatory System
A Answers (5)
The heart has an electrical conduction system. An EKG is a test that checks to see if that electrical conduction system is working properly. An EKG has the ability to take the electrical impulses in the heart and put them into a tracing that is shown on paper. This tracing can indicate whether the heart is working properly.
When a person is having a heart attack the physician will perform an EKG. The EKG can show if there are any problems with the heart and if a person is having a heart attack. If a person is having a heart attack the EKG shows certain changes. These changes can tell the physician if the person is having a heart attack right now, or if it has happened in the past. The changes can also tell the physician the location of the heart attack.
The unfortunate thing is that not all patients having a heart attack will show immediate changes on the EKG. The physician will normally order blood tests and a EKG to check if a person is having a heart attack. The EKG and a positive sign in the blood test will help the physician diagnose the heart attack.
To confirm the diagnosis of a heart attack (or myocardial infarction), a doctor will require blood tests and/or an EKG.
During a heart attack, the EKG shows a series of abnormalities. The first abnormality is called a hyperacute T wave. This T wave shows up on the test as taller and more pointed than a normal T wave. The abnormality only lasts for a short time. Then elevation of the ST segment occurs. Elevation of the ST segment is the hallmark abnormality of an acute myocardial infarction - a heart attack. The ST segment elevation happens when a lack of blood flow and oxygen is actually injuring the heart muscle. This is also called a current of injury. Not long after come T wave inversions. When the heart muscle cells actually die over time, these abnormalities are replaced with Q waves.
It is important to know that not everyone with a heart attack has an abnormal EKG. In as many as 40 percent of patients, the initial EKG may not show ST elevation in patients having a heart attack. When a Q wave develops after a heart attack, it is known as a Q-wave myocardial infarction and usually corresponds to a transmural myocardial infarction (this means the heart muscle wall?s entire thickness has died). When a Q wave does not develop after a heart attack, it is called a non-Q-wave myocardial infarction and usually corresponds to the less severe non transmural heart muscle death, also called a subendocardial myocardial infarction. This means heart muscle just below the inner lining of the heart has died.
EKGs can not only tell a doctor if a heart attack is present but can also show the approximate location of a heart attack - often including which artery is involved.