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Why are joints easily injured?

Joints (where bones meet) allow movement to occur. There are different types of joints: those that permit a wide range of movement (like the shoulder joint), and those that provide limited movement (like those of the spine). Muscles surround joints and create movement by contracting and relaxing.

Most noncontact injuries occur around joints. Joints can become misaligned due to overactivity or underactivity of muscles that surround them. If a muscle on one side of a joint is short and overactive, the muscle on the opposite side of the joint will be long and underactive, which will create an imbalance and limit the movement of the joint. This imbalance can lead to compensation and eventually a breakdown of the movement chain.

When this happens, injury can occur.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.