Bladder Disease

Bladder Disease

The main function of your bladder is to store and release urine. Your bladder is located in your lower abdomen and collects urine from your kidneys. As the bladder fills, nerves in the bladder tell you that you need to urinate. Bladder diseases can cause pain and affect the way your bladder functions. Bladder problems and diseases include urinary tract infections (UTIs), bladder cancer and loss of bladder control. Bacteria can cause infection in the urinary tract and the bladder. There are ways you can prevent bladder infection. See your doctor if you are having bladder problems. Many bladder problems are treatable and symptoms will not go away if you ignore them. Treatments vary, depending on your bladder problem. Tests used by doctors to diagnose bladder diseases include urine tests and x-rays.

Recently Answered

  • 1 Answer
    A
    Depending where the lesion or injury is, and its severity, a person may experience a variety of lower urinary tract symptoms such as:
    • An inability to store urine – urgency, frequency and incontinence. This is caused by an overactive bladder or a weak sphincter (outlet).
    • An inability to release urine – difficulty urinating and urinary retention. This is caused by a weak bladder or an overly tight sphincter.
    Many patients will come to a urologist for these symptoms, unaware that they have a neurologic problem. Others will have other longstanding manifestations of neurologic disease.
  • 1 Answer
    A
    What is the cause of an enlarged bladder?
    The cause of an enlarged bladder is generally due an over extension of the bladder. Watch Kenneth Stallman, MD, with Methodist Specialty and Transplant Hospital, explain why this is most commonly found in males.
  • 3 Answers
    A
    A , Internal Medicine, answered
    Yes! Unfortunately carrying extra weight can take its toll on the bladder and other urinary structures, in addition to your other organ systems. It weakens and stretches the pelvic floor muscles and ligaments that usually support your bladder like a perfectly designed sling. Weaken that supportive sling holding up the bladder and suddenly you are crossing your legs with every cough or sneeze. But the good news is that when women lose the extra lbs, they can restore urinary control.
    See All 3 Answers
  • 1 Answer
    A
    Causes of Spinal Cord Injury – Neurogenic Bladder include:
    • spinal cord injury;
    • brain tumor;
    • stroke;
    • congenital disorders such as spina bifida; 
    • diseases such as multiple sclerosis or diabetes mellitus.
  • 1 Answer
    A
    This imaging test evaluates blood-flow velocity and patterns in the aorta and renal arteries to help diagnose and locate blockages in the vessels and damage to the kidneys from chronically poor blood flow.
  • 1 Answer
    A
    A , Hospitalist, answered
    The term "atypical cells" often describes cells that look abnormal when viewed with a microscope, but that do not fit into any specific category. They do not show changes that could be called cancerous. However, they might turn into cancerous cells in the future. Or they could mean that cancerous cells are close by.

    Figuring out what it means to find atypical cells on a biopsy of the lining of the bladder is especially challenging. It's possible that inflammation of the bladder wall or a low-grade infection is causing the cells to look atypical.

    Your mother will need to continue to see her urologist for periodic check-ups. (This specialist focuses on the bladder and performs bladder biopsies.)

    Even if her urine becomes clear with no more red blood cells, and other tests on the urine are normal, she should still ask her urologist if at least one more look inside is needed in the future. (By the way, irritation of the lining of the bladder from any cause can allow red blood cells to leak into the urine.)

    Finally, smoking is a major risk factor for bladder cancer. If your mother smokes, she needs to stop immediately.
  • 1 Answer
    A
    Every neurogenic bladder is different and it is important to do a thorough evaluation to diagnose the disease so that treatment is specific and directed. Blood tests and ultrasound to evaluate the kidneys are important. Tests called uroflowmetry and post void residual tell how well the bladder empties. Urodynamic testing with video x-ray are performed by placing a small catheter in bladder and filling the bladder with radiopaque contrast dye. The pressure in the bladder is measured during filling and voiding, electromyography (EMG) records the activity in the external sphincter during voiding, and x-ray gives anatomic information about what happens in the bladder. With this test, a very specific diagnosis can be made about whether there is a problem with the bladder, the outlet or both.

  • 1 Answer
    A
    A , OBGYN (Obstetrics & Gynecology), answered

    External sphincter insufficiency (ESD), the most common of the two types of stress incontinence, causes urine leakage when the abdominal muscles tighten (during coughing, laughing, sneezing), thus creating abdominal pressure against the bladder and urethra. A well-supported urethra will not leak.

    For someone with stress incontinence, however, the pelvic floor muscles and the connective tissue that supports the bladder and urethra are so worn that when the stress of a cough occurs, bladder pressure (from the stress pressure in the abdomen) exceeds pressure in the urethra (pushed down and out of the abdominal compartment) and causes leakage.

  • 1 Answer
    A
    A , Urology, answered
    A dropped bladder, also called prolapsed bladder or cystocele, is a medical condition that affects the urinary bladder and the vagina. In women, the front wall of the vagina supports the bladder. Significant bodily stress such as childbirth can damage this part of the vaginal wall. If it deteriorates enough, the bladder can prolapse, meaning it is no longer supported and descends into the vagina. Other causes include aging, strenuous lifting, chronic coughing and chronic constipation which can weaken the pelvic muscles. Because a dropped bladder can interfere with the ability to control urinary function and cause uncomfortable symptoms that affect sexual function, proper treatment is important.
  • 1 Answer
    A
    Spinal Cord Injury - Neurogenic Bladder is a condition where, due to an interruption of the nerve messages between the brain and the bladder, the bladder fails to store or release urine properly.