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Questions about MenB causes, complications, statistics, and vaccines.

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How Much Do You Know About Meningitis B?
How Much Do You Know About Meningitis B?
Question 1 of 11 Correct

Which of the following can cause meningitis?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Meningitis is the clinical term for inflammation of the meninges, protective membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord. It can have many different causes. Most cases are caused by viruses and bacteria. Meningitis B is caused by a bacterial infection with serogroup B Neisseria meningitidis bacteria.

How Much Do You Know About Meningitis B?
Question 2 of 11 Correct

How many people are carriers of the bacteria that cause meningococcal disease?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: It’s estimated that one out of every ten people carry bacteria that cause meningococcal disease. While they do not develop symptoms or become ill, they can spread the bacteria to others. The bacteria reside in the back of the nose and throat and can be spread through activities like drinking from the same water bottle, sharing utensils, and kissing. It can also be spread through coughing, though meningococcal disease is not as contagious as the flu or the cold.

How Much Do You Know About Meningitis B?
Question 3 of 11 Correct

How many estimated cases of meningitis B occur in the United States in a given year?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: In a given year, there are an estimated 350 cases of meningococcal disease in the United States—and 200 of those estimated cases are caused by serogroup B bacteria. The majority of cases of meningococcal disease affect children younger than one year old. A large percentage of cases occur in teens and young adults ages 16 to 23.

How Much Do You Know About Meningitis B?
Question 4 of 11 Correct

True or false: The bacteria that cause meningitis can spread to the bloodstream.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: In addition to infecting the meninges, the bacteria that cause meningitis can also spread to the bloodstream. You may see this referred to as meningococcemia, meningococcal septicemia, or sepsis. Bloodstream infections can damage blood vessels, cause internal bleeding, and cause damage to organs, tissues, and extremities.

How Much Do You Know About Meningitis B?
Question 5 of 11 Correct

What percentage of cases of meningococcal disease are fatal with antibiotic treatment?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Even with antibiotic treatment, 10 to 15 percent of cases of meningitis B are fatal. This percentage is much higher in cases where the infection spreads to the bloodstream. It is also much higher in cases where the infection goes untreated. Because meningococcal disease can progress rapidly, early treatment is critical.

How Much Do You Know About Meningitis B?
Question 6 of 11 Correct

Which of the following are potential complications of meningococcal disease?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Roughly 20 percent of people who survive meningococcal disease experience complications that can include hearing loss, vision loss, nerve damage, scarring of the skin, and loss of limbs.

How Much Do You Know About Meningitis B?
Question 7 of 11 Correct

True or False: The MenB vaccine is NOT part of routine vaccination in the United States.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: In the United States, there are two vaccines that protect against meningococcal disease: 1) The MenACWY vaccine, which protects against bacteria in serogroups A, C, W, and Y; and 2) the MenB vaccine, which protects against bacteria in serogroup B. While the MenACWY vaccine is part of routines vaccinations—meaning it is recommended for nearly everyone—the MenB vaccine is only recommended for people at increased risk. However, people who are at normal risk for meningitis B can choose to receive the MenB vaccine.

How Much Do You Know About Meningitis B?
Question 8 of 11 Correct

What is the preferred age for a person at normal risk to receive the MenB vaccine?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: The MenB vaccine is given to people at normal risk who are between the ages of 16 and 23 years, but the preferred age to receive the MenB vaccination is 16 to 18 years.

How Much Do You Know About Meningitis B?
Question 9 of 11 Correct

True or False: The MenB vaccine contains live bacteria.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: The MenB vaccine does NOT contain live bacteria and cannot cause meningococcal disease. The MenB vaccine contains proteins that are found on the outer capsules of serogroup B bacteria. When the immune system encounters these proteins, it begins making antibodies that protect against serogroup B bacteria.

How Much Do You Know About Meningitis B?
Question 10 of 11 Correct

True or False: Some colleges require students to have an MenB vaccine.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: In recent decades, there have been a number of outbreaks of meningitis B on college campuses in the United States. As a result, some colleges now strongly recommend that students receive the MenB vaccine, and some colleges require students to have the MenB vaccine.

How Much Do You Know About Meningitis B?
Question 11 of 11 Correct

True or False: A person needs more than one dose of the MenB vaccine to get the most protection.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: A person requires at least two doses of the MenB vaccine in order to get the most protection. In the U.S., there are two different MenB vaccines approved by the FDA, and the same vaccine must be used for all doses.

How Much Do You Know About Meningitis B?
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How Much Do You Know About Meningitis B?
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