Everyone should become educated on all the aspects of organ donation and consider becoming a donor because all populations are at risk for organ disease; however, there are a large number of minorities on the kidney transplant waiting list -- largely due to diabetes and hypertension -- and matches are more easily found among members of the same ethnic group, so it is important for more members of minority groups to donate so that more members of minority groups can become recipients.
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Riverside Health System answered
Minorities have a particularly high need for organ transplants because some diseases of the kidney, heart, lung, pancreas, and liver are more common in racial and ethnic minority populations than in the general population. For example, African Americans, Asian and Pacific Islanders, and Hispanics are three times more likely than caucasians to suffer from end-stage renal (kidney) disease, often as the result of high blood pressure and other conditions that can damage the kidneys. Native Americans are four times more likely than Whites to suffer from diabetes. Some of the conditions that can result in organ failure are best treated through transplantation and others can only be treated by this life-saving procedure. In addition, similar blood type is essential for matching donors to recipients. Certain blood types are more common in ethnic minority populations. Hence, increasing the number of minority donors can increase the frequency of minority transplants.
This answer is based on source information from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.