To prevent diabetes-related eye problems, you can do as follows:Keep your blood glucose and blood pressure (BP) as close to normal as you can.Have an eye care professional examine your eyes once a year. Have this exam even if your vision is okay. The eye care professional will use drops to make the black part of your eyes-pupils-bigger. This process is called dilating your pupil, which allows the eye care professional to see the back of your eye. Finding eye problems early and getting treatment right away will help prevent more serious problems later on.Ask your eye care professional to check for signs of cataracts and glaucoma.If you are planning to get pregnant soon, ask your doctor if you should have an eye exam.If you are pregnant and have diabetes, see an eye care professional during your first three months of pregnancy.Don't smoke.
This answer is based on source information from the National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse (NDIC).