Cataract surgery is one of the safest, most successful surgeries involving the eye. Although any surgical procedure where an incision is involved can have a risk of infection, cataract surgery has an extremely low incidence of complications.
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Johns Hopkins Medicine answered
Josh Johnston, OD, Optometry, answeredCataract surgery is one of the most common surgeries performed today. The developments in the past few decades have allowed cataract surgery to be performed in under ten minutes. Todays modern techniques even allow for patients to have cataract surgery without any pain, bleeding or the need to have stitches put in. The surgery is now an outpatient procedure and the eye heals very quickly.
Cataract surgery is one of the safest surgeries performed, with very few complications. If they occur, most complications are not serious. Some of the complications are swelling and redness after surgery, infection, bleeding, glaucoma, posterior capsule opacification and retinal detachment, though this is very rare.
Cataract removal is one of the most common, safe and effective operations performed in the United States.
Although most cataracts are related to aging, there are steps you can take to reduce your chances of developing them.
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- Since cataracts can be caused by UV exposure, wear visors and sunglasses that provide 100% UV protection.
- Avoid smoking and second-hand cigarette smoke.
- If you drink alcohol, drink in moderation.
- Increase the amounts of antioxidants in your diet, or take antioxidant vitamin supplements
- Keep medical conditions that increase your cataract risk, such as diabetes, under control.
- Routinely visit your eye care doctor for comprehensive eye exams