Typhoid fever is a contagious disease that is caused by bacteria called Salmonella typhi. The disease is usually spread by eating or drinking contaminated food and water. Typhoid fever is not very common in the United States but is a serious health issue in underdeveloped countries around the globe. Up to 30% of people who contract typhoid fever will die from it. Although typhoid fever can be a dangerous disease, it can usually be treated with antibiotics. A vaccine is available, but it is not routinely given and is usually only prescribed for people traveling in areas where typhoid is common. A booster shot is needed after two years.
A Answers (3)
Honor Society of Nursing (STTI) answered
Typhoid fever is a bacterial infection that can develop after a person eats or drinks contaminated food, milk, or water. Outbreaks of typhoid fever sometimes occur after natural disasters (such as fires, hurricanes, and earthquakes) when drinking water becomes contaminated with sewage.
Symptoms of typhoid fever include fever, chills, cough, red rash on the abdomen, watery diarrhea, a slow heart rate, and low blood pressure.
Typhoid fever can be treated with antibiotics and rehydration. If it is not treated, serious complications may develop, sometimes leading to death.
© Healthwise, Incorporated.
Leigh Vinocur, MD, Emergency Medicine, answeredTyphoid fever, or enteric fever, occurs when the GI tract isn’t able to kill all the bacteria it needs to, and bacteria then gets into the bloodstream where it is carried to the spleen, liver and gall bladder. Bacteria can then grow in these vital organs. This type of infection, once resolved could result in a carrier state, where individuals can unknowingly shed the bacteria and infect others.