Endometriosis: Facts and Diagnosis
Endometriosis is a painful gynecological condition where the uterine tissue grows outside the uterus. In this video, Patricia Geraghty, MSN, WHNP, discusses diagnosis criteria and common symptoms associated with endometriosis.
Endometriosis is a gynecological condition where the very specialized cells that line the uterus
are located distantly. They may be in the tubes. They may be around the ovaries.
They may even be more distant in the abdominal cavity. Since the hormones are everywhere in the system,
these endometrial implants then respond to the hormones every month, grow, and bleed.
The parts of the body where the endometrial implants are located are not designed to be exposed to blood.
The implant bleeding causes pain and can eventually lead to scar tissue and adhesion,
or structures that should slide easily past each other become fixed. And that can then lead to more pain.
So the symptoms include painful menstrual periods, menstrual, gastrointestinal, or urinary pain, loose stools
or painful stools with your periods, pain with sexual activities, heavy menstrual periods,
and sometimes infertility. Symptoms are variable from one woman to another. Some women have almost no symptoms.
And others, the symptoms, the pain, is so severe they have trouble carrying out daily living.
The degree or the extent of the implants also doesn't necessarily match the severity of the pain
or how heavy the periods are. [UPBEAT MUSIC]
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