Women's Health
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Menopause 101

Menopause isn't just hot flashes and mood swings. Take our quiz to see what you know about The Big Change.

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Menopause 101
Menopause 101
Question 1 of 20 Correct

What is the average age of menopause?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: The average age of menopause is 51.

Menopause 101
Question 2 of 20 Correct

Which of these might cause you to reach menopause earlier than age 51?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: All of the above. If you smoke, have had your ovaries removed or have received certain cancer treatments, you may enter menopause at a younger age.

Menopause 101
Question 3 of 20 Correct

True or false: Your menopause age might match your mother's.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. Your mother's age at menopause is highly predictive of yours.

Menopause 101
Question 4 of 20 Correct

True or false: You enter menopause when you have gone 12 consecutive months without a period.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. Menopause is defined as the absence of menstruation for 12 consecutive months.

Menopause 101
Question 5 of 20 Correct

During menopause, your ovaries begin producing more, or less, estrogen?

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The correct answer is: As you enter menopause, your ovaries begin producing less estrogen.

Menopause 101
Question 6 of 20 Correct

What is perimenopause?

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The correct answer is: Perimenopause refers to the six to eight years before menopause, when a woman's ovaries slow down and gradually stop functioning. After one year of having no periods, a woman has reached menopause.

Menopause 101
Question 7 of 20 Correct

True or false: As you approach menopause, your menstrual periods become more irregular.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. In your 40s and 50s, your menstrual periods may become more irregular. If accompanied by symptoms of menopause, that may mean you are entering perimenopause.

Menopause 101
Question 8 of 20 Correct

Which of these is a symptom of menopause?

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The correct answer is: All of the above. During menopause, many women begin experiencing symptoms such as hot flashes, vaginal dryness and/or mood swings.

Menopause 101
Question 9 of 20 Correct

True or false: Thinning hair is a symptom of menopause.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. As hormone levels begin to change, women may experience thinning of hair all over their heads or just in the front. The good news: Treatments are available, so talk with your doctor.

Menopause 101
Question 10 of 20 Correct

What percentage of perimenopausal and menopausal women experience vaginal dryness?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Almost 50 percent of perimenopausal and menopausal women will experience vaginal dryness.

Menopause 101
Question 11 of 20 Correct

True or false: Having sex after menopause may cause discomfort, as vaginal dryness cannot be treated.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is false. Several treatments for vaginal dryness exist, including low-dose hormone therapy, lubricants and estrogen creams.

Menopause 101
Question 12 of 20 Correct

The loss of estrogen associated with menopause increases your risk for which of these conditions?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Decreasing estrogen puts you at a higher risk for all of the above conditions, as well as poor bladder and bowel function, poor brain function, Alzheimer's disease and reduced skin elasticity.

Menopause 101
Question 13 of 20 Correct

Which of these foods may help reduce mood swings associated with menopause?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: All of the above. Foods high in omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin B can help fight mood swings. You can get omega-3's from salmon, flax and walnuts. Legumes and whole grains are excellent sources of vitamin B.

Menopause 101
Question 14 of 20 Correct

Which of these may help a woman avoid hot flashes?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: All of the above. Avoiding alcohol, getting regular exercise and practicing relaxing breathing techniques can help you avoid the hot flashes of perimenopause. Certain foods or drinks, such as caffeine or spicy foods, can trigger hot flashes as well.

Menopause 101
Question 15 of 20 Correct

True or false: All menopausal women need hormone replacement therapy.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is false. Some women may be able to handle the symptoms of menopause without hormone replacement therapy (HRT). Due to possible long-term consequences of HRT, most doctors advise non-hormonal treatments and lifestyle changes first.

Menopause 101
Question 16 of 20 Correct

True or false: Bioidentical hormone replacement therapy (BHRT) is always a safe and effective alternative to traditional hormone therapy.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is false. Women should use caution when considering bioidentical hormone therapy because these products have less rigorous quality standards than drugs that are regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Also, there is little scientific data that bioidentical hormone therapy is better than regular hormone therapy.

Menopause 101
Question 17 of 20 Correct

True or false: Postmenopausal vaginal bleeding is a serious concern and should be addressed with your doctor immediately.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is false. Vaginal bleeding is common in the first year or two after you've reached menopause, and completely normal. However, you should still tell your doctor about any bleeding to rule out potential problems, such as uterine cancer.

Menopause 101
Question 18 of 20 Correct

True or false: Weight gain associated with menopause is usually irreversible.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is false. Due to fluctuating hormones, it's not uncommon for women to gain weight during perimenopause and menopause. Reversing weight gain after menopause is possible. A combination of healthy eating and becoming more active will yield positive results.

Menopause 101
Question 19 of 20 Correct

What role do ovaries play after menopause?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Though they may be retired from childbearing, your ovaries are still active after menopause and continue to produce testosterone and low levels of estrogen. Both of these hormones are dramatically reduced and released more slowly.

Menopause 101
Question 20 of 20 Correct

After menopause, how often should a woman have a Pap smear?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Generally, a regularly scheduled pap smear can determine pre-cancerous conditions and any changes in reproductive organs. Many doctors still recommend an annual Pap smear after menopause. However, new guidelines allow a Pap smear every 3 years if there is no history of issues, and if you have tested negative for HPV.

Menopause 101
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Women's Health

Women's Health

Did you know that women are more likely to seek medical care than men? Sexual health needs, like pregnancy and contraception, often necessitate early visits to a doctor. But as we age, various health issues affect women more than ...

men, including depression, weight problems, and certain types of arthritis.In order to maintain your health and wellness, make sure you get an annual checkup.
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