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Must-Know Facts About Obesity

America is getting fatter, leading to a sharp rise in obesity-related diseases. See how well you know the fat facts in this quiz.

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Must-Know Facts About Obesity
Must-Know Facts About Obesity
Question 1 of 20 Correct

What percentage of children and adolescents are considered obese?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Approximately 17 percent (or 12.5 million) of children and adolescents ages 2-19 years are obese.

Must-Know Facts About Obesity
Question 2 of 20 Correct

What does BMI stand for?

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The correct answer is: Body Mass Index is just one way to measure whether a person is obese or overweight, and studies show it tends to be accurate. Because it's a simple calculation, it's also easy to administer.

Must-Know Facts About Obesity
Question 3 of 20 Correct

True or false: BMI can make some fit people with lots of muscles score as obese.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Highly trained athletes may have a high BMI because of increased muscularity rather than increased body fatness.

Must-Know Facts About Obesity
Question 4 of 20 Correct

What BMI score is considered obese?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: A normal weight BMI score is 20 to 25. Above 25 is considered overweight, with 30 being the starting point for obesity. People with a BMI less than 18.5 are considered too thin.

Must-Know Facts About Obesity
Question 5 of 20 Correct

True or False: At the same BMI, women tend to have more body fat than men.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. At the same BMI, women tend to have more body fat than men. In addition, older people with the same BMI also tend to have more body fat than younger people.

Must-Know Facts About Obesity
Question 6 of 20 Correct

What other indicators, besides BMI, are a good measurement of obesity?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: In addition to BMI, the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute guidelines recommend looking at such other predictors as waist circumference and activity level.

Must-Know Facts About Obesity
Question 7 of 20 Correct

In 1990, how many U.S. states had an obesity rate over 15 percent?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Twenty years ago, most states had an obesity rate from 10 to 14 percent. The rest had rates below 10 percent. Today, 36 states have a rate of 25 percent or more; 12 of these states have a rate above 30 percent.

Must-Know Facts About Obesity
Question 8 of 20 Correct

At 34 percent, which state has the highest obesity rate?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Mississippi is the most obese state in the country, followed by Alabama. At 21 percent, Colorado is the skinniest state in the U.S.

Must-Know Facts About Obesity
Question 9 of 20 Correct

True or false: Obesity increases a woman's risk of breast cancer.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is false. Obese women before menopause have a lower risk of developing breast cancer than women of healthy weight. After menopause, obese women have 1.5 times the risk of other women.

Must-Know Facts About Obesity
Question 10 of 20 Correct

True or false: Belly fat is associated more with disease risk than fat in other parts of the body.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. Abdominal obesity is highly associated with metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance, elevated inflammatory markers, high cholesterol, high triglycerides, high blood pressure, dyslipidemia and hypertension.

Must-Know Facts About Obesity
Question 11 of 20 Correct

Being obese increases your risk for developing type 2 diabetes by how much?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Researchers don't know why obesity and diabetes are linked, but people with a body mass index of 30 or higher are five times more likely to have type 2 diabetes than those with a BMI of 25 or less, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases.

Must-Know Facts About Obesity
Question 12 of 20 Correct

Which condition can be affected by obesity?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Obesity can affect levels of testosterone. A 2008 study found that the more severe the obesity, the lower the level of testosterone and the greater the risk for erectile dysfunction.

Must-Know Facts About Obesity
Question 13 of 20 Correct

True or false: Subcutaneous fat is more dangerous than visceral fat.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is false. Visceral fat increases the risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes and certain cancers. You may not like the look of fat right under the skin, but it isn't considered as harmful as visceral fat.

Must-Know Facts About Obesity
Question 14 of 20 Correct

For a woman of average weight, how much weight gain is considered normal for pregnancy?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Underweight women should gain 28 to 40 pounds and overweight women may need to gain only 15 to 25 pounds.

Must-Know Facts About Obesity
Question 15 of 20 Correct

How much overweight do you have to be to qualify for most weight-loss surgeries?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Men must be 100 pounds overweight to qualify and women 80 pounds overweight. However, a person may also qualify if he or she has certain conditions like diabetes, heart disease or sleep apnea.

Must-Know Facts About Obesity
Question 16 of 20 Correct

What does weight-loss surgery do?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: The two most popular weight-loss surgeries -- gastric bypass and gastric banding -- restrict the amount of food you can eat.

Must-Know Facts About Obesity
Question 17 of 20 Correct

In 2009, how many Americans had weight-loss surgery?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: 220,000 Americans had some form of weight-loss surgery, costing about $20,000 each.

Must-Know Facts About Obesity
Question 18 of 20 Correct

True or false: After weight-loss surgery, alcohol tolerance decreases.

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: This is true. Six months after weight-loss surgery, patients who drank one glass of red wine had blood alcohol levels of 0.08. Before surgery, the same patients had an average blood alcohol level of 0.024 percent after a glass of wine.

Must-Know Facts About Obesity
Question 19 of 20 Correct

Besides too little exercise and too much food, what other factors contribute to obesity?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: Giving birth at older ages, aging populations and heredity also may be contributing to our obesity epidemic.

Must-Know Facts About Obesity
Question 20 of 20 Correct

If current trends continue, what percentage of Americans will be obese by 2030?

Correct! Sorry, that’s incorrect.

The correct answer is: If current trends continue, half of all Americans will be obese by 2030. Health care costs also will explode as more cases of type 2 diabetes, heart disease and cancer occur.

Must-Know Facts About Obesity
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Must-Know Facts About Obesity
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Must-Know Facts About Obesity
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